Tool-Making and Tool-Using in the Northern Blue Jay

@article{Jones1973ToolMakingAT,
  title={Tool-Making and Tool-Using in the Northern Blue Jay},
  author={Thony B. Jones and Alan C. Kamil},
  journal={Science},
  year={1973},
  volume={180},
  pages={1076 - 1078}
}
Laboratory-raised Northeirn blue jays (Cyanocitta cristata) have been observed tearing pieces from pages of newspaper and utilizing them as tools to rake in food pellets which were otherwise out of reach. The frequency of this behavior was dependenit upon the motivational state of the jay and the presence of food pellets. 

Topics from this paper

Tool use in captive crows
TLDR
Four common crows were trained to peck a key for food reward and showed innovative behavior, in that they persistently wedged the tool between the edge of the response panel and the key, so that it acted as a lever. Expand
Manufacture and use of hook-tools by New Caledonian crows
TOOL behaviour in wild birds has been described as mostly stereotyped1,2, and tool manufacture involves little modification of material3–5. Here I report in New Caledonian crows Corvus moneduloidesExpand
Idle Lobster Traps Kill Blue Jays
Abstract We report observations of Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) mortality in idle lobster traps stored on Merepoint Neck in the Town of Brunswick, Maine. Three of nine individual Blue Jays foundExpand
Corvids Using Objects to Displace Gulls from Nests
TLDR
Two observations of corvids, a Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus) and a Common Raven (C. corax), attempting to displace nesting gulls by using objects are reported. Expand
Exploration Technique and Technical Innovations in Corvids and Parrots
TLDR
This chapter investigates the problem solving and innovative behavior of corvids and parrots. Expand
What a parrot's mind adds to play: the urge to produce novelty fosters tool use acquisition in kea.
Motivational and cognitive aspects of spontaneous tool-use acquisition in species that do not do so habitually, remain an open but most relevant question. To address this, we studied captive keaExpand
Insightful problem solving and creative tool modification by captive nontool-using rooks
TLDR
It is shown that rooks, a species that does not use tools in the wild appears to possess an understanding of tools rivaling habitual tool users such as New Caledonian crows and chimpanzees, suggesting that the ability to represent tools may be a domain-general cognitive capacity rather than an adaptive specialization. Expand
Do woodpecker finches acquire tool-use by social learning?
TLDR
The results suggest that tool–use behaviour depends on a very specific learning disposition that involves trial–and–error learning during a sensitive phase early in ontogeny. Expand
Tools and brains in birds
TLDR
It is shown that relative size of the neostriatum and whole brain distinguish the true and borderline categories in birds using tools to obtain food or water and that the complex cognitive processes involved in tool use may have repeatedly co-evolved with large brains in several orders of birds. Expand
A method for the objective study of tool-using behavior.
  • R. W. Powell, W. Kelly
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior
  • 1975
TLDR
Key pecking for food was shaped in four crows within a conventional operant-conditioning test chamber and the behavior of two crows was shaped so that they approached the matchsticks, picked one up in their beaks, approached the response key with the matchstick in theirBeak, and finally operated the responseKey by poking the match Stick through the screen. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES
Use of Tools by the Egyptian Vulture, Neophron percnopterus
THE use of natural objects as tools by free-living vertebrates has, so far as we know, been reported for four species only—the chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes; the gorilla, Gorilla gorilla; theExpand
THE EVOLUTION OF THE USE OF TOOLS BY FEEDING ANIMALS
  • J. Alcock
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1972
TLDR
Examination of cases of tool-using behavior by animals feeding under natural conditions and to discuss the origin, transmission, and subsequent evolution of this behavior to make a modest case for the opposite position. Expand
Object-discrimination learning set and hypothesis behavior in the northern bluejay (Cynaocitta cristata)
Four bluejays received 700 problems of object-discrimination learning set. Acquisition of the task was shown by an average performance level of 72% correct for Trial 2 on the last 100 problems of theExpand
Tool-Using Performances as Indicators of Behavioral Adaptability
  • K. Hall
  • Psychology
  • Current Anthropology
  • 1963
Use of an object by animals as a functional extension of their limbs in order to obtain food or to facilitate some other goal seeking activity has quite commonly been reported as an especiallyExpand
Life Histories of North American Jays, Crows and Titmice (Bulletin 191, Smithsonian Institution
  • United States National Museum,
  • 1946
Sargent for their critical comments on an earlier version of the report. Supported by NSF grant GB-30501 to A.C.K
  • T. B. Jo n es & a. C. ka Mi l i n Sc i e nc e
  • 1973
General reviews of the tool-using literature: Hall
  • Geogr. Mag
  • 1968
Specific examples of tool use by birds: A. Alcock, Ibid
  • D. Lack, Sci. Amer. 188,
  • 1967
) ; J . W . Hardy , Univ . Kans
  • Sci . Bull .
  • 1946
...
1
2
...