Too Bad It Isn't True

@article{Baron1994TooBI,
  title={Too Bad It Isn't True},
  author={J. Baron},
  journal={Medical Decision Making},
  year={1994},
  volume={14},
  pages={107 - 107}
}
  • J. Baron
  • Published 1994
  • Medicine
  • Medical Decision Making
Although the heuristic is not true, there are some things that can be relied on. First, a negative result from a 100% sensitive test will reliably rule out disease, and a positive result from a 100% specific test will be perfectly reliable in ruling in. Unfortunately, there are few such tests available, so this in itself is not a very useful clinical rule. Second, as Boyko points out, for tests with at most a given sensitivity, the one with the highest specificity will be best at ruling in a… Expand
Interpretation of dichotomous outcomes: sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, and pre-test and post-test probability.
TLDR
This document breaches copyright and you may not further distribute the material or use it for any profit-making activity or commercial gain. Expand
A novel mixed integer programming for multi-biomarker panel identification by distinguishing malignant from benign colorectal tumors.
TLDR
A novel method, MILP_k, to identify serum-based multi-biomarker panel to distinguish colorectal cancers (CRC), as well as novel biomarkers IMA and NSE, to serve as a useful tool for other complex disease studies. Expand
Hybrid enhanced ICA & KSVM based brain tumor image segmentation
TLDR
The proposed SVM classifier used a kernel in the form of Gaussian radial basis function kernel (GRB kernel) to improve the classifier performance and the results amply illustrate the suitability of the proposed classifier. Expand
Depression and suicidal behavior in adolescents: a multi-informant and multi-methods approach to diagnostic classification
TLDR
Adolescent self-reported symptoms on depression scales provide a more accurate report of diagnosable adolescent depression than parent proxy reports of adolescent depressive symptoms and could be considered inaccurate for research purposes. Expand
Interpersonal Needs and Suicide: Strengthening Measurement In an Offender Population
of a Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School Of The University of Southern Mississippi In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy

References

SHOWING 1-4 OF 4 REFERENCES
Ruling Out or Ruling In Disease with the Most sensitiue or Specific Diagnostic Test
  • E. Boyko
  • Medicine
  • Medical decision making : an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
  • 1994
TLDR
The author demonstrates that the greatest clinical utility is not always achieved by using the most specific test in a rule-in decision or the most sensitive test in an rule-out decision. Expand
Uncertainty in Bayes
  • J. Baron
  • Mathematics, Medicine
  • Medical decision making : an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
  • 1994
TLDR
These results imply that for suitability good tests, probability revision in certain definable ranges of prior probability may be so strongly affected by errors in the estimations of both the prior probability and the operating characteristics that the posterior probabilities may be unstable in practice. Expand
Problems of spectrum and bias in evaluating the efficacy of diagnostic tests.
To determine why many diagnostic tests have proved to be valueless after optimistic introduction into medical practice, we reviewed a series of investigations and identified two major problems thatExpand
Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.
TLDR
Three heuristics that are employed in making judgements under uncertainty are described: representativeness, availability of instances or scenarios, which is often employed when people are asked to assess the frequency of a class or the plausibility of a particular development. Expand