Tonic reticular activating system: Relationship to aversive brain stimulation effects

@article{Ruth1977TonicRA,
  title={Tonic reticular activating system: Relationship to aversive brain stimulation effects},
  author={R. E. Ruth and J. Rosenfeld},
  journal={Experimental Neurology},
  year={1977},
  volume={57},
  pages={41-56}
}
Abstract Acute and chronic experiments were performed on albino rats using high-frequency electrical brain stimulation of the dorsal mesencephalon. It was found that: (i) Certain areas of rat mesencephalon generate intense, tonic electrocorticogram activation as well as tonic depression of photic, cortical evoked potential amplitudes. (ii) Often this tonic activation appears suddenly; that is, there is a threshold for activation. (iii) Invariably, if such a threshold is seen, the rat manifests… Expand
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