Tonic immobility during sexual assault – a common reaction predicting post‐traumatic stress disorder and severe depression

@article{Mller2017TonicID,
  title={Tonic immobility during sexual assault – a common reaction predicting post‐traumatic stress disorder and severe depression},
  author={Anna M{\"o}ller and Hans Peter S{\"o}ndergaard and Lotti Helstr{\"o}m},
  journal={Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica},
  year={2017},
  volume={96},
  pages={932 - 938}
}
Active resistance is considered to be the ‘normal’ reaction during rape. However, studies have indicated that similar to animals, humans exposed to extreme threat may react with a state of involuntary, temporary motor inhibition known as tonic immobility. The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence of tonic immobility during rape and subsequent post‐traumatic stress disorder and severe depression. 

Trauma-Related Disorders: Sexual Abuse and Psychiatric Comorbidities

TLDR
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Peri-Traumatic Dissociation and Tonic Immobility as Severity Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder After Rape.

Some individuals show abnormal reactions to extreme fear and life-threatening situations, including tonic immobility (TI) and peri-traumatic dissociation (PTD). We aimed to investigate the

Tonic Immobility is Associated with PTSD Symptoms in Traumatized Adolescents

Purpose Growing evidence suggests that peritraumatic tonic immobility, an involuntary defensive response that involves extreme physical immobility and the perceived inability to escape, is a

Somatic interventions therapists use when treating women presenting with sexual assault trauma involving tonic immobility

TLDR
A study of the impact of sexual assault on the physical and mental health conditions associated with sexual abuse on the lives of women and young people in Northern Ireland found that sexual assault leaves a lasting imprint on the life of a survivor.

Assessing Post-Traumatic Tonic Immobility Responses: The Scale for Tonic Immobility Occurring Post-Trauma

TLDR
The Scale for Tonic immobility Occurring Post-trauma (STOP), the first self-report measure developed to assess for the presence and severity of tonic immobilities responses that persist following trauma exposure as part of post-traumatic symptomatology, demonstrates excellent preliminary psychometric properties.

Are memories of sexual trauma fragmented?

TLDR
Rebecca Campbell is among the most influential figures teaching university administrators about sexual trauma and memory, and the possible roles of tonic immobility and alcohol consumption on how survivors of sexual assault recall their experience are reviewed.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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