Tone Features, Tone Perception, and Peak Alignment in Thai

@article{Zsiga2007ToneFT,
  title={Tone Features, Tone Perception, and Peak Alignment in Thai},
  author={Elizabeth C. Zsiga and Rattima Nitisaroj},
  journal={Language and Speech},
  year={2007},
  volume={50},
  pages={343 - 383}
}
This paper investigates the relationship between the phonological features of tone and tone perception in Thai. Specifically, it tests the hypothesis (proposed by Morén & Zsiga, 2006) that the principle perceptual cues to the five-way tonal contrast in Thai are high and low pitch targets aligned to moras. Results of four perception studies, one using natural speech and three using digitally-altered speech, are presented in support of the hypothesis. It is argued that, by associating tones to… 
Contribution of Spectral Shapes to Tone Perception
TLDR
Results indicate that spectral shape, especially in the vicinity of the first formant, contributes significantly to the participants’ ability to correctly identify tones and the contribution is greater with more syllables in the stimuli.
The Lexical and Post-Lexical Phonology of Thai Tones*
TLDR
This study claims that the tone bearing unit in Thai is the mora, and that previously unexplained restrictions on the distributions of tones in syllables closed by obstruents are the result of a relationship between the glottal feature and low tones.
Processing of Pitch Height Information in Mandarin Tone Perception
Communicating in tone language involves the use of lexical tone as a cue to determine the meaning of words. Lexical tones are defined both by their pitch height and also by their pitch contours.
Contrastive tone and its implementation
Tone is defined as a lexically-contrastive pitch pattern (Pike 1948, Yip 2002, Gussenhoven 2004). Not all languages use pitch to create lexical contrasts, but the majority do (Fromkin 1978, Yip
Cross-language Lexical-tone Identification
We examine how native lexical-tone experience influences identification of novel tone. Cantonese, Thai, Mandarin, and Yoruba listeners identified CV syllables bearing the six phonemic Cantonese
Pitch target representation of Thai tones
TLDR
The results of the modeling experiment demonstrate the adequacy of unitary (as opposed to compositional) underlying targets for generating continuous tonal contours in Thai.
On-line perception of Mandarin Tones 2 and 3: evidence from eye movements.
TLDR
The results showed that 87% of ultimate tone judgments were made according to offset pitch height, which supports the view that lexical tone perception is an incremental process, in which pitch height at critical points serves as an important cue.
Computational Modelling of Tone Perception Based on Direct Processing of f0 Contours
It has been widely assumed that in speech perception it is imperative to first detect a set of distinctive properties or features and then use them to recognize phonetic units like consonants,
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 96 REFERENCES
Perception of tone and vowel quantity in Thai
TLDR
Results indicate, inter alia, that vowel quantity is perceived as shorter when words are presented in isolation than when embedded in a carrier sentence.
The Lexical and Post-Lexical Phonology of Thai Tones*
TLDR
This study claims that the tone bearing unit in Thai is the mora, and that previously unexplained restrictions on the distributions of tones in syllables closed by obstruents are the result of a relationship between the glottal feature and low tones.
Cues to the Perception of Taiwanese Tones
TLDR
The present findings show that tones which nominally differ only in register may exhibit perceptually relevant contour differences, and vice versa, which are consistent with previous findings in tone languages other than Taiwanese.
Perception of Mandarin Lexical Tones when F0 Information is Neutralized
TLDR
Two experiments explore how listeners perceive Mandarin monosyllables in which all or part of the F0 information has been neutralized, suggesting that Mandarin speakers promote the utility of secondary cues when they know that the primary cue will be unavailable.
Understanding tone from the perspective of production and perception. Language and Linguistics
TLDR
The application of the Target Approximation model helps the understanding of various tonerelated issues by providing explicit criteria for distinguishing between tonal variations due to articulatory implementation and those due to alternation of the tonal targets.
Consistency of Tone-Syllable Alignment across Different Syllable Structures and Speaking Rates
  • Y. Xu
  • Physics, Linguistics
    Phonetica
  • 1998
TLDR
Findings are interpreted as indicating that the syllable is the proper domain for tone implementation and that tone contours such as rising and falling are probably implemented as integral dynamic targets rather than as sequences of static targets.
Static and dynamic acoustic cues in distinctive tones.
TLDR
The results indicate that level variants contain sufficient cues for identification as static tones but with considerable overlap, and identification, however, is enhanced by slow f0 movement.
A Perceptual Study of Mandarin Tones 2 and 3
Due to their similar concave shapes, Tones 2 and 3 are said to be the most confusable pair in Mandarin, and no reliable perceptual cues have been found. The purpose of this perceptual study was to
...
...