- Published 2000 in IEEE Trans. Computers

ÐIn their 1982 paper, Adams and Siegel proposed an Extra Stage Cube Interconnection Network that tolerates one switch failure with one extra stage. We extend their results and discover a class of Extra Stage Interconnection Networks that tolerate multiple switch failures with a minimal number of extra stages. Adopting the same fault model as Adams and Siegel, the faulty switches can be bypassed by a pair of demultiplexer/multiplexer combinations. It is easy to show that, to maintain point to point and broadcast connectivities, there must be at least f extra stages to tolerate f switch failures. We present the first known construction of an Extra Stage Interconnection Network that meets this lower-bound. This n-dimensional Multistage Interconnection Network has n f stages and tolerates f switch failures. An n-bit label called mask is used for each stage that indicates the bit differences between the two inputs coming into a common switch. We designed the fault-tolerant construction such that it repeatedly uses the singleton basis of the n-dimensional vector space as the stage mask vectors. This construction is further generalized and we prove that an n-dimensional Multistage Interconnection Network is optimally fault-tolerant if and only if the mask vectors of every n consecutive stages span the n-dimensional vector space. Index TermsÐMultistage Interconnection Networks (MIN), fault tolerance, extrastage, switch faults, stage masks.

@article{Fan2000ToleratingMF,
title={Tolerating Multiple Faults in Multistage Interconnection Networks with Minimal Extra Stages},
author={Chenggong Charles Fan and Jehoshua Bruck},
journal={IEEE Trans. Computers},
year={2000},
volume={49},
pages={998-1004}
}