Tolerance of Swallowworts (Vincetoxicum spp.) to Multiple Years of Artificial Defoliation and Clipping

Abstract

The European vines pale swallowwort and black swallowwort are invading various habitats in northeastern North America. It is unclear how these plants might respond to potential biological control agents, as they experience little herbivore damage in North America, or longer durations of mowing given the reported lack of efficacy of mechanical control. We… (More)

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Milbrath2016ToleranceOS, title={Tolerance of Swallowworts (Vincetoxicum spp.) to Multiple Years of Artificial Defoliation and Clipping}, author={Lindsey R. Milbrath and A. O. DiTommaso and Scott H. Morris}, year={2016} }