Tolerance, Toleration, and the Liberal Tradition

  title={Tolerance, Toleration, and the Liberal Tradition},
  author={Andrew R. Murphy},
  pages={593 - 623}
The tendency to use tolerance and toleration as roughly interchangable terms has encouraged misunderstanding of the liberal legacy and impeded efforts to improve upon it. We can improve our understanding by defining "toleration" as a set of social or political practices and "tolerance" as a set of attitudes. This distinction reveals the possibility of four clusters of attitudes: tolerant toleration, exemplified by John Locke; intolerant antitoleration, exemplified by the first generation… 
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      Perhaps, however, our choice is more complex: either liberalism with intolerance or tolerance without liberalism