Tokenism and Women in the Workplace: The Limits of Gender-Neutral Theory

@article{Zimmer1988TokenismAW,
  title={Tokenism and Women in the Workplace: The Limits of Gender-Neutral Theory},
  author={L. Zimmer},
  journal={Social Problems},
  year={1988},
  volume={35},
  pages={64-77}
}
  • L. Zimmer
  • Published 1988
  • Sociology
  • Social Problems
  • The concept of “tokenism” has been used widely to explain many of the difficulties women face as they enter traditionally male occupations. Tokenism explains women's occupational experiences and their behavioral responses to those experiences in terms of their numerical proportion, suggesting that barriers to women s full occupational equality can be lowered by the hiring of more women in organizations that are highly-skewed male. This paper suggests that the tokenism hypothesis has not been… CONTINUE READING
    RETHINKING TOKENISM:
    • 438
    Women's experiences of non-traditional employment: is gender equality in this area a possibility?
    • 90
    • Highly Influenced
    Gender As a Social Structure
    • 894
    • Open Access
    Paradoxes of gender
    • 1,464
    • Open Access
    Racializing the Glass Escalator
    • 194
    • Open Access
    Gender differences in burnout: A meta-analysis
    • 419
    • Open Access
    Cultural Foundations of Tokenism
    • 123
    WOMEN IN THE LAW:
    • 50

    References

    Publications referenced by this paper.
    SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
    Boundaries, Negotiation, Consciousness: Reconceptualizing Gender Relations
    • 292
    nature of prejudice
    • 9,842
    • Open Access
    Women's work, men's work : sex segregation on the job
    • 253
    The psychology of tokenism: An analysis
    • 145
    Male Nurses: A Case Study in Status Contradiction and Prestige Loss
    • 71