Toilet hygiene in the classical era

  title={Toilet hygiene in the classical era},
  author={Philippe Charlier and Luc Brun and Clarisse Pr{\^e}tre and Isabelle Huynh-Charlier},
  journal={BMJ : British Medical Journal},
Philippe Charlier and colleagues describe how the Romans wiped their bottoms and speculate about the resulting health problems 

An analysis of the evolution of the world’s toilet habits

The use of water and handheld bidet or shattaf for perianal cleansing is considered a common practice in many households across the globe, predominantly within Muslim homes. While shattafs are

A Story About Toilet Paper: Pandemic Panic-Buying and Public Resilience

  • D. Berube
  • Business
    Pandemic Communication and Resilience
  • 2021
This chapter examines panic-buying (PB) as byproduct of pandemics. Panic buying is associated with disasters including pandemics. If and when disasters become more prominent and prevalent,

Heads or Tails? Modified Ceramic Gaming Pieces from Colonial California

Modified ceramic disks have been recovered from historic-era sites across the Americas. Small unperforated disks are commonly interpreted as gaming pieces and larger perforated disks are often

Big Data Meets the Shulḥan Arukh

Soon after its publication, commentators began topore over almost every statement in Yosef Karo’s Shulḥan Arukh. Some commentators wanted to simply elucidate Karo’s sometimes laconic language,



Barbara Hepworth: The Hospital Drawings

Many of Hepworth's Hospital Drawings have never before been seen and are all illustrated here alongside images from Hepworth's only surviving hospital sketchbook. In the 1950s Hepworth gave a lecture

The fine art of patient-doctor relationships

The Spanish artist Francisco Goya has left the most moving testimony of his gratitude for the close relationship with his doctor in Self Portrait with Dr Arrieta (1820) (fig 1).

Medical imagery in the art of Frida Kahlo.

Robbie was rightly and loyally devoted to his family name. When he accepted a knighthood at the second time ofits being offered to him I asked him what he was to be called-Robbie, Robin, Robert, or

Anorectal disorders.

Cite this...

    Medical Classics: Self Portrait with Dr Arrieta. BMJ 2008;337:a1121

    • BMJ
    • 2004