Toe-out gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis partially transforms external knee adduction moment into flexion moment during early stance phase of gait: a tri-planar kinetic mechanism.

@article{Jenkyn2008ToeoutGI,
  title={Toe-out gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis partially transforms external knee adduction moment into flexion moment during early stance phase of gait: a tri-planar kinetic mechanism.},
  author={Thomas R. Jenkyn and Michael A. Hunt and I. Chester Jones and J. Robert Giffin and Trevor B. Birmingham},
  journal={Journal of biomechanics},
  year={2008},
  volume={41 2},
  pages={276-83}
}
Altered gait kinematics and kinetics are observed in patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis. Although various kinematic adaptations are proposed to be compensatory mechanisms that unload the knee, the nature of these mechanisms is presently unclear. We hypothesized that an increased toe-out angle during early stance phase of gait shifts load away from the knee medial compartment, quantified as the external adduction moment about the knee. Specifically, we hypothesized that by… CONTINUE READING
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