Tocopherol biosynthesis: chemistry, regulation and effects of environmental factors

@article{Lushchak2012TocopherolBC,
  title={Tocopherol biosynthesis: chemistry, regulation and effects of environmental factors},
  author={Volodymyr I Lushchak and Nadia M. Semchuk},
  journal={Acta Physiologiae Plantarum},
  year={2012},
  volume={34},
  pages={1607-1628}
}
Tocopherols are lipophilic antioxidants and together with tocotrienols belong to the vitamin-E family. The four forms of tocopherols (α-, β-, γ- and δ-tocopherols) consist of a polar chromanol ring and lipophilic prenyl chain with differences in the position and number of methyl groups. The biosynthesis of tocopherols takes place mainly in plastids of higher plants from precursors derived from two metabolic pathways: homogentisic acid, an intermediate of degradation of aromatic amino acids, and… CONTINUE READING

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