Tobacco use, cancer causation and public health impact

  title={Tobacco use, cancer causation and public health impact},
  author={Hannah Kuper and H O Adami and Paolo Boffetta},
  journal={Journal of Internal Medicine},
Abstract. Kuper H, Adami H‐O, Boffetta P (University College London, Torrington Place, London, UK; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; and International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France). Tobacco use, cancer causation and public health impact. J Intern Med 2002; 251: 455–466. 
Historical Perspectives of the Causation of Lung Cancer
Thagard’s model of causation networks was used to exhibit how nursing and medicine were significant influences in lung cancer causation theory, incorporating related explanations integrating the relationships of science, nursing, medicine, and society.
Genotoxic burden of water pipe smoking in arabian countries: The risk in female population
Water pipe smoking causes significant reduction in mRNA expression levels of DNA repair genes compared to CS and predisposes to heightened risk of developing bladder cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and pancreatic cancers.
Relationship Between Adolescent Perception of Harm, Electronic Cigarette Use, and Texas Antitobacco Campaigns
Though majority of adolescents perceived e-cigarettes as harmful, exposure to state and school antitobacco programs are not completely effective at discouraging use, and may provide potential impact for positive social change for adolescents and tobacco cessation by increasing understanding of what factors are associated with increased/decreased perception of harm.
Is cancer risk still reduced if you give up smoking in later life
SUMMARY This report summarizes the experimental and epidemiological evidence examining the ability of smoking cessation to influence cancer risk reduction in later life. Available evidence suggests
A review of the effects of tobacco smoking on cancer treatment: smoking cessation intervention should be integrated into the cancer care continuum
Quitting tobacco use has the potential to improve treatment response rates and survival, as well as reduces the risk of developing second cancers and potentially improves the QOL after treatment, according to a narrative review of recent studies.
Nicotine dependence as a risk factor for upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancers: A mediation analysis
Nicotine dependence increases the risks of lung and HNC cancers after accounting for tobacco smoking, suggesting potential toxic effects of nicotine.
Associations of social and material deprivation with tobacco, alcohol, and psychotropic drug use, and gender: a population-based study
Preventive measures should be designed to improve work conditions, reduce deprivation, and help deprived populations to be more aware of risk and to find remedial measures.
[Tobacco and morphology: pulmonary diseases].
  • L. Carvalho
  • Medicine
    Revista portuguesa de pneumologia
  • 2007
Factors Affecting Hookah Smoking Trend in the Society: A Review Article
Overall, it is essential to focus on the exclusion of positive viewpoints toward Hookah, develop the ability to say “no,” relaxation, and resistance against temptations to smoke hookah, culturalization, and regulation of strong laws.


The role of gene–environment interaction in the aetiology of human cancer: examples from cancers of the large bowel, lung and breast
The role of gene–environment interaction in the aetiology of human cancer: examples from cancers of the large bowel, lung and breast is illustrated.
Tobacco, alcohol and the risk of gastric cancer. A population‐based case‐control study in Sweden
It is demonstrated that high intake of fruits and vegetables may be particularly beneficial in smokers, and the risk estimates associated with cigarette smoking were higher among those with low fruit consumption than among frequent fruit‐eaters.
Relationship between acetylator status, smoking, and diet and colorectal cancer risk in the north-east of England.
A large case-control study examining the interaction between dietary, smoking and drinking habits, and acetylation genotype in relation to susceptibility to colorectal cancer reveals a new observation that slow acetylators may be at risk of colon cancer from smoking.
Mortality in relation to tar yield of cigarettes: a prospective study of four cohorts
Reducing cigarette tar yields in Britain has had a modest effect in reducing smoking related mortality, and about a quarter of deaths from lung cancer, coronary heart disease, and possibly other smoking related diseases would have been avoided by lowering tar yield.
Emerging tobacco hazards in China
It is suggested that the study can be more easily understood if it is described as a case-control mortality study, and the authors’ assumption that the smoking rates of the male and female reference groups were only slightly higher than those of the surviving spouses of the people who had died is validated.
Alcohol Consumption, Smoking and Risk of Gastric Cancer: Case—Control Study from Moscow, Russia
Alcohol consumption, particularly vodka consumption, was found to increase the risk of gastric cancer and interactions between effect of smoking and alcohol consumption and between smoking and H. pylori infection status further support the role of alcohol Consumption and smoking in the etiology of Gastric cancer.
Synergy between asbestos and smoking on lung cancer risks.
Examination of data from 12 epidemiologic studies for quantitative evidence of biologic synergy between asbestos and smoking on lung cancer risks suggests that one-third of cancer cases among smokers who were exposed to asbestos can be attributed to the synergistic behavior of the two carcinogens.
Smoking and bladder cancer risk in Blacks and Whites in the United States
Estimation of risk by dose and currency of exposure revealed no consistent racial disparities in smoking-related risks, and race-specific, attributable risk estimates indicated that nearly half of bladder cancers among both Blacks and Whites could have been prevented by elimination of smoking.
Tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and their interaction in the causation of hepatocellular carcinoma
It is found that tobacco smoking and heavy alcohol consumption are associated with increased risk of HCC, especially when these 2 exposures occur together.
Emerging tobacco hazards in China: 2. Early mortality results from a prospective study
It is shown that by 1990 smoking was already causing about 12% of Chinese male mortality in middle age, and this proportion is predicted to rise to about 33% by 2030, and long term continuation of the prospective study with periodic resurveys can monitor the evolution of this epidemic.