Tobacco chippers report diminished autonomy over smoking.


We assessed tobacco chippers (n=35) for symptoms of diminished autonomy over tobacco use, which begins when symptoms present a barrier to smoking cessation. Although they reported each of the symptoms measured by the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist, chippers' level of autonomy was generally higher than that of regular smokers and their symptom intensity was… (More)


Cite this paper

@article{Wellman2006TobaccoCR, title={Tobacco chippers report diminished autonomy over smoking.}, author={Robert J. Wellman and Joseph R Difranza and Constance L. Wood}, journal={Addictive behaviors}, year={2006}, volume={31 4}, pages={717-21} }