To what extent does attention underlie language in aphasia?

  title={To what extent does attention underlie language in aphasia?},
  author={Sarah Villard and Swathi Kiran},
  pages={1226 - 1245}
ABSTRACT Background: It is well established that persons with aphasia (PWA) exhibit impaired performance on assessments not only of language function but also of cognitive skills, including attention processing. Attention is a particularly important cognitive skill to examine in aphasia because of its fundamental, domain-general nature, as well as the fact that a link between attention deficits and language deficits in this population has been proposed in previous work. Aims: We review and… Expand
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The potential roles of ERPs in aphasia management are discussed and recommendations for further developing ERPs for clinical utility in PWA are made. Expand
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Cognition and aphasia: a discussion and a study.
A new study of the relation between linguistic and nonlinguistic skill in a group of individuals with aphasia finds no significant relationship was found and individual profiles of strengths and weaknesses were found. Expand
Attention and other cognitive deficits in aphasia: presence and relation to language and communication measures.
  • L. Murray
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • American journal of speech-language pathology
  • 2012
The findings accorded well with prior research identifying attention and other cognitive deficits in most but not all individuals with aphasia; heterogeneity in the types and severity of attention andother cognitive symptoms among individuals with cognitive impairments; and potent associations among attention, language, and other Cognitive domains. Expand
Models of attention and dual-task performance as explanatory constructs in aphasia.
Evidence is presented suggesting that language mechanisms are fundamentally preserved and that aphasic language behaviors are instead due to impairments of cognitive processes supporting their construction, and two models of attention that focus on competition for central processing are presented. Expand
Between-session intra-individual variability in sustained, selective, and integrational non-linguistic attention in aphasia
A significant effect of task complexity on reaction time (RT) during a non-linguistic attention task, in both PWA and controls, was found and different patients exhibited different patterns of BS-IIV, indicating the existence of inter-individual variability in BS- IIV within the PWA group. Expand
Non-linguistic learning and aphasia: Evidence from a paired associate and feedback-based task
Learning, a cognitive process that is integral to relearning language, yet underexplored in the field of aphasia rehabilitation, is explored and is suggested to be a unique, important factor to consider in theField of aahsia rehabilitation. Expand
Executive function ability in persons with aphasia
Background: There is an increasing recognition that the communication problems one observes in persons with aphasia extend beyond verbal deficits and that the myriad of symptoms observed are notExpand
Review Attention and aphasia: theory, research and clinical implications
Over the past decade, there has been increasing interest in the integrity of attention in adults with aphasia. This review paper examines this issue by first introducing attention theory andExpand
Simulation of aphasic naming performance in non-brain-damaged adults.
The hypothesis that thelanguage performance deficits seen in persons with aphasia exist on a continuum with the language performance of non-brain-damaged individuals is generally supported. Expand
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Abstract In clinical practice we are frequently confronted with global aphasics who show communicative urge, whose mobility is such that they meet other people to communicate with, and who areExpand
Neuroscience of Aphasia Recovery: the Concept of Neural Multifunctionality
The scientific underpinnings of neural multifunctionality are reviewed and ways in which this new approach to understanding the neural basis of language can lead to meaningful, practical steps for improvements in aphasia therapy are suggested. Expand