To run or to fly: low cost versus low risk escape strategies in blackbirds

@article{Martin2008ToRO,
  title={To run or to fly: low cost versus low risk escape strategies in blackbirds},
  author={J. Martin and I{\~n}aki Rodr{\'i}guez-Prieto and E. Fern{\'a}ndez-Juricic},
  journal={Behaviour},
  year={2008},
  volume={145},
  pages={1125-1138}
}
When escaping from predators, ground-foraging birds could choose between two escape strategies with different costs: running or flying. We simulated predator attacks on blackbirds Turdus merula to investigate the factors influencing blackbirds to select between these strategies. The probability that blackbirds would fly increased as flight initiation distance decreased, suggesting that they may trade-off benefits of delaying escape with a costly escape strategy. The probability of flying also… Expand
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