To Kill or Not to Kill ? Lethal Outcomes in Injurious Attacks *

  title={To Kill or Not to Kill ? Lethal Outcomes in Injurious Attacks *},
  author={Richard B. Felson and Steven F. Messner},
This research explores the utility of the notion of lethal intent for understanding the outcomes of injurious attacks. We suggest that assailants sometimes kill rather than merely injure victims to avoid either retaliation or criminal prosecution. We hypothesize that, for these tactical reasons, offenders will be more likely to kill when they have no accomplices, when their victims are male or black, and when the victim can identify them. These hypotheses are tested with a merged data set… CONTINUE READING

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