To Cut Is to Cure: Can We Really Apply Z11 in Practice?

@article{Morrow2011ToCI,
  title={To Cut Is to Cure: Can We Really Apply Z11 in Practice?},
  author={Monica Morrow and Armando E. Giuliano},
  journal={Annals of Surgical Oncology},
  year={2011},
  volume={18},
  pages={2413-2415}
}
Axillary dissection has been a standard part of the local therapy of breast cancer since the popularization of the radical mastectomy by William Halstead in 1894. In 1985, 10-year outcomes from the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) B04 study were published and showed that in clinically node-negative women, there was no survival advantage for immediate axillary dissection compared to observation and delayed dissection if clinical nodal disease developed. In addition… CONTINUE READING

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Comparison of sentinel lymph node biopsy alone and completion axillary lymph node dissection for node-positive breast cancer.

Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology • 2009
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