This study aims to find relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and food risk management (FRM), and other affecting factors of FRM in China. This is considered from the perspective of food company managers located in 161 food companies surveyed in Henan Province and Wuhan City, China. The results indicate that the company’s attitude (defensive/passive/proactive) to CSR affects its attitude to food risks, and the CSR performance of a company affects the effectiveness of its FRM measures. With better CSR performance, a company experiences less risk than the ones with poor CSR performance. Among other FRM affecting factors, the budget allocated to FRM is the direct affecting factor. Finally policy suggestions are made.