Titan's Atmospheric Temperatures, Winds, and Composition

@article{Flasar2005TitansAT,
  title={Titan's Atmospheric Temperatures, Winds, and Composition},
  author={F. Flasar and R. Achterberg and B. Conrath and P. Gierasch and V. Kunde and C. Nixon and G. Bjoraker and D. Jennings and P. Romani and A. Simon-Miller and B. B{\'e}zard and A. Coustenis and P. Irwin and N. Teanby and J. Brasunas and J. Pearl and M. Segura and R. Carlson and A. Mamoutkine and P. J. Schinder and A. Barucci and R. Courtin and T. Fouchet and D. Gautier and E. Lellouch and A. Marten and R. Prang{\'e} and S. Vinatier and D. Strobel and S. Calcutt and P. Read and F. Taylor and N. Bowles and R. Samuelson and G. Orton and L. Spilker and T. Owen and J. Spencer and M. Showalter and C. Ferrari and M. Abbas and F. Raulin and S. Edgington and P. Ade and E. Wishnow},
  journal={Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={308},
  pages={975 - 978}
}
Temperatures obtained from early Cassini infrared observations of Titan show a stratopause at an altitude of 310 kilometers (and 186 kelvin at 15°S). Stratospheric temperatures are coldest in the winter northern hemisphere, with zonal winds reaching 160 meters per second. The concentrations of several stratospheric organic compounds are enhanced at mid- and high northern latitudes, and the strong zonal winds may inhibit mixing between these latitudes and the rest of Titan. Above the south pole… Expand
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In the lower atmosphere of Titan IR brightness temperatures exhibit meridional contrast \[lsims]3 K. Seasonal variations are absent because of the large radiative time constant. In the upperExpand
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TLDR
Diurnal surface temperature variations on Phoebe suggest a more porous regolith than on the jovian satellites, and Saturn's ring temperatures have radial variations down to the smallest scale resolved (100 kilometers). Expand
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TLDR
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