Tip-of-the-Tongue States and Aging: Contrasting Psycholinguistic and Metacognitive Perspectives

@article{Schwartz2005TipoftheTongueSA,
  title={Tip-of-the-Tongue States and Aging: Contrasting Psycholinguistic and Metacognitive Perspectives},
  author={B. Schwartz and L. Frazier},
  journal={The Journal of General Psychology},
  year={2005},
  volume={132},
  pages={377 - 391}
}
A tip-of-the-tongue state (TOT) refers to the experience of feeling certain that one knows a word, but being unable to retrieve it. A consistent finding in the literature is that TOTs are more frequent in older adults than in younger adults. We describe 2 hypotheses that account for this finding. The decrement view explains the increase in TOTs with age as a function of deteriorating connections between semantic and lexical nodes. The incremental-knowledge view accounts for the effect in terms… Expand
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References

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Sparkling at the end of the tongue: The etiology of tip-of-the-tongue phenomenology
The tip-of-the-tongue experience (TOT) is the phenomenological experience that a currently inaccessible word is stored in memory and will be retrieved. TOTs appear to be a universal experience thatExpand
The relation of tip-of-the-tongue states and retrieval time
TLDR
The tip-of-the-tongue state (TOT) is the phenomenological experience that a word is on the verge of being recalled, andValence of emotion was correlated with correct resolution of the TOT. Expand
On the tip of the tongue: What causes word finding failures in young and older adults?
Abstract This paper develops a new theory of the tip of the tongue (TOT) phenomenon. Within this interactive activation model of speech production, TOTs occur when the connections between lexical andExpand
Priming the Tip of the Tongue: Effects of Prior Processing on Word Retrieval in Young and Older Adults
Abstract We test the prediction that recent processing of a word will decrease the probability of a tip-of-the-tongue state (TOT) to a general knowledge question and that semantic processing will beExpand
Illusory tip-of-the-tongue states.
TLDR
The tip-of-the-tongue state (TOT) is the phenomenological experience that a target word is on the verge of being recalled, but the actual target is either unavailable, forgotten, or never learned. Expand
A review of the tip-of-the-tongue experience.
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  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological bulletin
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TLDR
A more precise definition of the TOT experience is needed, as well as greater uniformity in the information gathered during TOTs. Expand
The phenomenology of real and illusory tip-of-the-tongue states
TLDR
The tip-of-the-tongue state (TOT) is the phenomenological experience that a word is on the verge of being recalled, and imminence was defined as the feeling that retrieval is about to occur, which was more likely to be followed by resolution and recognition than were nonimminent TOTs. Expand
Chapter Five Cognition and Aging: A Theory of New Learning and the Use of Old Connections
Summary This chapter describes a detailed theory of perception, production and memory for language and applies it to the problem of cognitive decline in old age. Altering a single parameter in theExpand
Do alternative names block young and older adults’ retrieval of proper names?
TLDR
There were no age differences in knowledge of films and TV and thus the age-related increase in TOTs is not because older adults have more relevant knowledge, and the findings are compatible with models in which alternate words are a consequence not a cause of TOT. Expand
Does priming specific syllables during tip-of-the-tongue states facilitate word retrieval in older adults?
This experiment investigated whether phonological priming of syllables helps resolve tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) states in young and older adults. Young, young-old, and old-old adults read generalExpand
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