Tinnitus: causes and clinical management

@article{Langguth2013TinnitusCA,
  title={Tinnitus: causes and clinical management},
  author={Berthold Langguth and Peter M. Kreuzer and Tobias Kleinjung and Dirk De Ridder},
  journal={The Lancet Neurology},
  year={2013},
  volume={12},
  pages={920-930}
}
Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of a corresponding external acoustic stimulus. With prevalence ranging from 10% to 15%, tinnitus is a common disorder. Many people habituate to the phantom sound, but tinnitus severely impairs quality of life of about 1-2% of all people. Tinnitus has traditionally been regarded as an otological disorder, but advances in neuroimaging methods and development of animal models have increasingly shifted the perspective towards its neuronal… 
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Tinnitus, the perception of a sound that has no external acoustic source in the environment, is a challenging condition to manage clinically because its etiology, perceptual characteristics (e.g.,
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It is concluded that advancing knowledge concerning the origin and maintenance of specific tinnitus subtypes origin and Maintenance mechanisms is of paramount importance for identifying adequate treatment.
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The present study concluded that the audiological intervention with any level of sound stimulus is enough to obtain a positive prognosis in the medium term and points out that the greater the tinnitus perception, the greater its severity, and the more the nuisance, the higher the psychoacoustics thresholds of frequency and the minimum threshold of masking.
Acoustic therapies for tinnitus: The basis and the electroencephalographic evaluation
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Evidence is outlined showing that EEG signal processing offers to investigate internal communication in neural nodes (absolute and relative power), inter-communication of neural nodes(coherence), time-frequency analysis with high resolution in both low and high frequencies (Fourier and Wavelet analysis), and rate at which neural information is being produced (entropy).
The role of the dentist in the treatment of patients with tinnitus
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The role of the dentist is pointed out in managing patients with tinnitus to require a multidisciplinary approach as well as discipline and cooperation on the part of the patient and the doctor.
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