Timing of Stressful Life Events Affects Stability and Change of Neuroticism

@article{Riese2014TimingOS,
  title={Timing of Stressful Life Events Affects Stability and Change of Neuroticism},
  author={Harri{\"e}tte Riese and Harold Snieder and Bertus F. Jeronimus and Tellervo Korhonen and Richard J. Rose and Jaakko A. Kaprio and Johan Ormel},
  journal={European Journal of Personality},
  year={2014},
  volume={28},
  pages={193 - 200}
}
Neuroticism is a predictor of many health problems. To study the determinants of within–subject change in neuroticism, three hypotheses were tested: (i) subjects who experienced stressful life events (SLEs) show an increase in neuroticism; (ii) high baseline neuroticism moderated this effect; and (iii) recent SLEs had a greater impact on neuroticism than distant SLEs. Data came from the Finnish Twin Cohort. Neuroticism data were collected in 1975 and 1981 and SLEs data in 1981 (n = 21 085). By… 

Tables from this paper

Mutual reinforcement between neuroticism and life experiences: a five-wave, 16-year study to test reciprocal causation.
TLDR
Results support the corresponsive principle (reciprocal causation), suggesting a mixed model of change in neuroticism that distinguishes temporary changes in neuroticist from persistent changes in an individual's neuroticism set point.
Longitudinal associations between trait neuroticism and negative daily experiences in adolescence.
TLDR
Dutch adolescents and their best friends completed up to 6 yearly personality trait questionnaires and up to 15 between-year assessment bursts between the ages 13 and 18 to examine the longitudinal associations between neuroticism and daily experiences of negative affect and interpersonal problems during the developmentally important period of adolescence.
Adverse events in emerging adulthood are associated with increases in neuroticism.
TLDR
Experiencing a high event centrality event was also associated with small increases in the personality traits Openness to Experience and Conscientiousness, and the results revealed that high Neuroticism at Time 1 predicted future exposure to both types of adverse events.
Additive and Synergetic Contributions of Neuroticism and Life Events to Depression and Anxiety in Women
In this genetically informative and longitudinal study of women, we investigated the nature of individual differences in tendencies to depression (TD) and anxiety (TA) as well as in the probability
Patterns and sources of personality development in old age.
TLDR
Investigation of mean-level trends and individual differences in change as well as the genetic and environmental sources of rank-order continuity and change in several personality traits and well-being found that personality traits predict well- being but not vice versa.
Why Does Frustration Predict Psychopathology? Multiple Prospective Pathways over Adolescence: A Trails Study
Adolescents’ temperamental frustration is a developmental precursor of adult neuroticism and psychopathology. Because the mechanisms that underlie the prospective association between adolescents’
Neuroticism's prospective association with mental disorders halves after adjustment for baseline symptoms and psychiatric history, but the adjusted association hardly decays with time: a meta-analysis on 59 longitudinal/prospective studies with 443 313 participants
TLDR
The results underscore the need to focus on the mechanisms underlying this prospective association between neuroticism and the common mental disorders as well as thought disorders (psychosis/schizophrenia) and non-specific mental distress.
University of Groningen Differential associations of locus of control with anxiety, depression and life-events Hovenkamp-Hermelink,
Background: The locus of control (LOC) construct has been associated with onset, course, and severity of anxiety and depression. We investigated the stability of LOC, the bidirectional relationships
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Negative and positive life events are associated with small but lasting change in neuroticism
TLDR
Distant PLEs are associated with small but long-lasting decreases in neuroticism regardless of changes in symptom levels of anxiety/depression, and childhood adversity moderates the influence of NLEs/PLEs on neuroticism scores in adult life.
How neuroticism, long-term difficulties, and life situation change influence psychological distress: a longitudinal model.
TLDR
It is found that earlier neuroticism had a strong direct and a moderate indirect effect (through endogenous LTDs) on PD, and temperamental dispositions are more powerful than environmental factors in predicting PD.
The interplay and etiological continuity of neuroticism, difficulties, and life events in the etiology of major and subsyndromal, first and recurrent depressive episodes in later life.
TLDR
This study demonstrated the usefulness of a dynamic stress-vulnerability model for understanding late-life depression, and evidence was found suggesting etiological discontinuity between first and recurrent but not between major and subsyndromal episodes.
Life events, anxious depression and personality: a prospective and genetic study
TLDR
It is suggested that reciprocal causation explains the relationship between life events and anxious depression and between life Events and neuroticism and Extraversion is not related to life events.
Personality at Midlife: Stability, Intrinsic Maturation, and Response to Life Events
TLDR
Life events in general showed very little influence on the levels of personality traits, although some effects were seen for changes in job and marital status that warrant further research.
A longitudinal etiologic model for symptoms of anxiety and depression in women
TLDR
SxAnxDep in women in the general population arise from two inter-related causal pathways, the first of which reflects genetic and early environmental risk factors, and is mediated largely through personality, and the second is the result of both recent environmental adversities and traits that influence event exposure and the probability of disorder onset.
Extraversion and neuroticism as predictors of objective life events: a longitudinal analysis.
TLDR
Objective positive and negative life events covaried, suggesting that people who experience more of 1 type of event are also likely to experience more events of the opposite valence as well.
Modeling intraindividual change in personality traits: findings from the normative aging study.
  • D. Mroczek, A. Spiro
  • Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2003
TLDR
It is suggested that there is a good deal of variability in personality trajectories, and that some of this variability can be explained by birth cohort as well as by age-graded life events.
Self-reported extremely adverse life events and longitudinal changes in five-factor model personality traits in an urban sample.
TLDR
Baseline personality was unrelated to future events, but among participants who reported extreme events, lower extraversion and/or conscientiousness at baseline as well as longitudinal increases in neuroticism predicted lower mental health at follow-up.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...