Evaluation of ticarcillin/clavulanic acid versus ceftriaxone plus amikacin for fever and neutropenia in pediatric patients with leukemia and lymphoma.
Timentin (ticarcillin + clavulanic acid) combined with an aminoglycoside usually netilmicin, was given to 33 children with neutropenic haematological malignancies. The combination of Timentin and aminoglycoside was effective treatment in 27 (87%) of 31 febrile episodes. There were four failures and three results which could not be interpreted. Bacteriological investigations were positive in 13 patients, three strains were resistant to ticarcillin but all were sensitive to Timentin. Clinical success, based upon reduction of fever within 48 h of treatment, was identical whether an organism was isolated or not. The combination of Timentin plus aminoglycoside was very successful and represents one of the best combinations available for empirical treatment for febrile neutropenic children.