Time to flourish: the relationship of temporal perspective to well-being and wisdom across adulthood.


OBJECTIVES Despite the centrality of time to the aging process, the well-being consequences of different temporal orientations for optimal aging are poorly understood. We investigate one underexamined area of temporal orientation, namely a balanced time perspective, in a large, lifespan sample from the Netherlands. METHOD Participants consisted of 512 Dutch adults ranging in age from 17 to 92 years (Mage = 46.46, SD = 21.37), including 186 male and 326 females. Participants completed a measure of balanced time perspective, mental health, and wisdom. RESULTS RESULTS indicated that a balanced time perspective uniquely predicted both mental health and wisdom even after controlling for demographic, physical health, and personality variables. Younger adults tended to be more future-oriented relative to older adults while older adults tended to be more past-oriented relative to younger adults. Further, both midlife and younger adults were more likely to have a balanced time perspective relative to older adults. CONCLUSION A balanced time perspective is associated with higher well-being and wisdom across the adult age span.

DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2014.908458

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@article{Webster2014TimeTF, title={Time to flourish: the relationship of temporal perspective to well-being and wisdom across adulthood.}, author={Jeffrey Dean Webster and Ernst T. Bohlmeijer and Gerben J Westerhof}, journal={Aging & mental health}, year={2014}, volume={18 8}, pages={1046-56} }