Time scales of tectonic landscapes and their sediment routing systems

@inproceedings{Allen2008TimeSO,
  title={Time scales of tectonic landscapes and their sediment routing systems},
  author={P. Allen},
  year={2008}
}
Abstract In regions undergoing active tectonics, the coupling between the tectonic displacement field, the overlying landscape and the redistribution of mass at the Earth's surface in the form of sediment routing systems, is particularly marked and variable. Coupling between deformation and surface processes takes place at a range of scales, from the whole orogen to individual extensional fault blocks or contractional anticlines. At the large scale, the attainment of a steady-state between the… Expand

Paper Mentions

Development and response of a coupled catchment fan system under changing tectonic and climatic forcing
[1] Sediment fans are a potentially useful and underexploited recorder of Earth's climatic and tectonic history, but historical observations have led to conflicting views on the importance ofExpand
Links between topography, erosion, rheological heterogeneity, and deformation in contractional settings: Insights from the central Andes
Abstract Orogenic structure in the central Andes (15°S–34°S) systematically varies with mean annual precipitation, suggesting that erosional processes may be coupled to tectonic processes. We exploreExpand
Dynamics of long term fluvial response in postglacial catchments of the Ladakh Batholith, Northwest Indian Himalaya
Upland rivers control the large-scale topographic form of mountain belts, allow coupling of climate and tectonics at the earth’s surface and are responsible for large scale redistribution of sedimentExpand
Manifestation of Tectonic and Climatic Perturbations in Deep-Time Stratigraphy – An Example From the Paleocene Succession Offshore Western Norway
Sediment routing systems may be subjected to different external controls that can modulate long and short-term sediment delivery to nearby basins. Here we investigate a Paleocene depositional systemExpand
The Qs problem: Sediment volumetric balance of proximal foreland basin systems
Although the stratigraphy of sedimentary basins depends on the balance between the magnitude and grain-size characteristics of the sediment supply (Qs) and the spatial distribution of tectonicExpand
Processes, rates, and time scales of fluvial response in an ancient postglacial landscape of the northwest Indian Himalaya
Both glacial and fluvial processes are key elements in molding landscapes in high mountain environments—glaciers are highly efficient erosional agents and producers of sediment but are restrictedExpand
Modeling of wind gap formation and development of sedimentary basins during fold growth: application to the Zagros Fold Belt, Iran
Mountain building and landscape evolution are controlled by interactions between river dynamics and tectonic forces. Such interactions have been extensively studied, however a quantitative evaluationExpand
Fluvial archives, a valuable record of vertical crustal deformation
Abstract The study of drainage network response to uplift is important not only for understanding river system dynamics and associated channel properties and fluvial landforms, but also forExpand
Millennial lag times in the Himalayan sediment routing system
Abstract Any understanding of sediment routing from mountain belts to their forelands and offshore sinks remains incomplete without estimates of intermediate storage that decisively buffers sedimentExpand
Transient Quaternary erosion and tectonic inversion of the Northern Range, Trinidad
Abstract Cosmogenic 10Be measured in sediments from Northern Range catchments on the island of Trinidad reveals low millennial-scale rates of erosion (average ~ 40 mm/ka) that increase roughlyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 132 REFERENCES
Development and response of a coupled catchment fan system under changing tectonic and climatic forcing
[1] Sediment fans are a potentially useful and underexploited recorder of Earth's climatic and tectonic history, but historical observations have led to conflicting views on the importance ofExpand
Geomorphic controls on sediment accumulation at margins of foreland basins
The Occurrence of cyclic patterns of sedimentation on a large scale, or abrupt changes in lithology or facies patterns in foreland basins, are most commonly attributed to tectonism. Climatic controlsExpand
Landsliding and the evolution of normal‐fault‐bounded mountains
Much of the tectonic and climatic history in high-relief regions, such as the mountains of the western U.S. Basin and Range province, is contained in the morphology of hillslopes, drainage networks,Expand
Sediment flux from an uplifting fault block
The stratigraphy of rift basins is a direct result of sediment liberation and transport through catchment–fan systems whose dynamics are controlled by both external and internal factors. WeExpand
Orogeny and orography: The effects of erosion on the structure of mountain belts
A numerical model of the coupled processes of tectonic deformation and surface erosion in convergent orogens is developed to investigate the nature of the interaction between these processes. CrustalExpand
Predicting sediment flux from fold and thrust belts
The rate of sediment influx to a basin exerts a first-order control on stratal architecture. Despite its importance, however, little is known about how sediment flux varies as a function ofExpand
Sediment supply from landslide-dominated catchments: implications for basin-margin fans
The sediment flux from a mountainous catchment can be expressed as a function of a landslide rate constant k which accounts for the vigour of hillslope erosion. Since the incising drainage networkExpand
How does alluvial sedimentation at range fronts modify the erosional dynamics of mountain catchments
At the geological time scale, the way in which the erosion of drainage catchments responds to tectonic uplift and climate changes depends on boundary conditions. In particular, sediment accumulationExpand
Simulation of Foreland Basin Stratigraphy using a diffusion model of mountain belt uplift and erosion: An example from the central Alps, Switzerland
Foreland basin stratigraphy can be considered as the result of three interacting processes: thrust deformation, which builds the tectonic load, sedimentary and erosional processes which redistributeExpand
Evolution of the Santa Cruz Mountains, California, through tectonic growth and geomorphic decay
I describe a strategy for modeling a specific large scale topographic feature that recognizes the discrepancy between tectonic and geomorphic scales and allows for important feedbacks between theseExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...