Time scales of tectonic landscapes and their sediment routing systems

@inproceedings{Allen2008TimeSO,
  title={Time scales of tectonic landscapes and their sediment routing systems},
  author={Philip A. Allen},
  year={2008}
}
Abstract In regions undergoing active tectonics, the coupling between the tectonic displacement field, the overlying landscape and the redistribution of mass at the Earth's surface in the form of sediment routing systems, is particularly marked and variable. Coupling between deformation and surface processes takes place at a range of scales, from the whole orogen to individual extensional fault blocks or contractional anticlines. At the large scale, the attainment of a steady-state between the… 
Development and response of a coupled catchment fan system under changing tectonic and climatic forcing
[1] Sediment fans are a potentially useful and underexploited recorder of Earth's climatic and tectonic history, but historical observations have led to conflicting views on the importance of
Links Between Faulting, Topography, and Sediment Production During Continental Rifting: Insights From Coupled Surface Process, Thermomechanical Modeling
Continental rifts form by extension, and their subsequent evolution depends on the tectonic and climatic boundary conditions. We investigate how faulting, topography, and the evolution of the
Dynamics of long term fluvial response in postglacial catchments of the Ladakh Batholith, Northwest Indian Himalaya
Upland rivers control the large-scale topographic form of mountain belts, allow coupling of climate and tectonics at the earth’s surface and are responsible for large scale redistribution of sediment
Manifestation of Tectonic and Climatic Perturbations in Deep-Time Stratigraphy – An Example From the Paleocene Succession Offshore Western Norway
Sediment routing systems may be subjected to different external controls that can modulate long and short-term sediment delivery to nearby basins. Here we investigate a Paleocene depositional system
How do basin margins record long-term tectonic and climatic changes?
A long-standing goal of sedimentary geoscience is to understand how tectonic and climatic changes are reflected in basin fill. Here, we use 14 numerical models of continental-scale sediment-routing
The Qs problem: Sediment volumetric balance of proximal foreland basin systems
Although the stratigraphy of sedimentary basins depends on the balance between the magnitude and grain‐size characteristics of the sediment supply (Qs) and the spatial distribution of tectonic
Processes, rates, and time scales of fluvial response in an ancient postglacial landscape of the northwest Indian Himalaya
Both glacial and fluvial processes are key elements in molding landscapes in high mountain environments—glaciers are highly efficient erosional agents and producers of sediment but are restricted
Modeling of wind gap formation and development of sedimentary basins during fold growth: application to the Zagros Fold Belt, Iran
Mountain building and landscape evolution are controlled by interactions between river dynamics and tectonic forces. Such interactions have been extensively studied, however a quantitative evaluation
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 130 REFERENCES
Development and response of a coupled catchment fan system under changing tectonic and climatic forcing
[1] Sediment fans are a potentially useful and underexploited recorder of Earth's climatic and tectonic history, but historical observations have led to conflicting views on the importance of
Geomorphic controls on sediment accumulation at margins of foreland basins
The Occurrence of cyclic patterns of sedimentation on a large scale, or abrupt changes in lithology or facies patterns in foreland basins, are most commonly attributed to tectonism. Climatic controls
Landsliding and the evolution of normal‐fault‐bounded mountains
Much of the tectonic and climatic history in high-relief regions, such as the mountains of the western U.S. Basin and Range province, is contained in the morphology of hillslopes, drainage networks,
Sediment flux from an uplifting fault block
The stratigraphy of rift basins is a direct result of sediment liberation and transport through catchment–fan systems whose dynamics are controlled by both external and internal factors. We
Orogeny and orography: The effects of erosion on the structure of mountain belts
A numerical model of the coupled processes of tectonic deformation and surface erosion in convergent orogens is developed to investigate the nature of the interaction between these processes. Crustal
Predicting sediment flux from fold and thrust belts
The rate of sediment influx to a basin exerts a first-order control on stratal architecture. Despite its importance, however, little is known about how sediment flux varies as a function of
Simulation of Foreland Basin Stratigraphy using a diffusion model of mountain belt uplift and erosion: An example from the central Alps, Switzerland
Foreland basin stratigraphy can be considered as the result of three interacting processes: thrust deformation, which builds the tectonic load, sedimentary and erosional processes which redistribute
How does alluvial sedimentation at range fronts modify the erosional dynamics of mountain catchments?
At the geological time scale, the way in which the erosion of drainage catchments responds to tectonic uplift and climate changes depends on boundary conditions. In particular, sediment accumulation
Evolution of the Santa Cruz Mountains, California, through tectonic growth and geomorphic decay
I describe a strategy for modeling a specific large scale topographic feature that recognizes the discrepancy between tectonic and geomorphic scales and allows for important feedbacks between these
Large‐scale geomorphology: Classical concepts reconciled and integrated with contemporary ideas via a surface processes model
Linear systems analysis is used to investigate the response of a surface processes model (SPM) to tectonic forcing. The SPM calculates subcontinental scale denudational landscape evolution on
...
...