Time-reversal-symmetry-broken state in the BCS formalism for a multi-band superconductor.


In three-band BCS superconductors with repulsive inter-band interactions, frustration between the bands can lead to an inherently complex gap function, arising out of a phase difference between the bands in the range 0 and π. Since the complex conjugate of this state is also a solution, the ground state is degenerate, and there appears a time-reversal-symmetry-broken state. In this paper we investigate the existence of this state as a function of inter-band coupling strength and show how a new phase transition appears between the TRSB and conventional BCS states.

DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/25/42/425702

Cite this paper

@article{Wilson2013TimereversalsymmetrybrokenSI, title={Time-reversal-symmetry-broken state in the BCS formalism for a multi-band superconductor.}, author={B. J. Wilson and Mukunda P . Das}, journal={Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal}, year={2013}, volume={25 42}, pages={425702} }