Time perspective, personality and smoking, body mass, and physical activity: an empirical study.

@article{Adams2009TimePP,
  title={Time perspective, personality and smoking, body mass, and physical activity: an empirical study.},
  author={Jean Adams and Daniel Nettle},
  journal={British journal of health psychology},
  year={2009},
  volume={14 Pt 1},
  pages={
          83-105
        }
}
OBJECTIVES Time perspective describes how individuals conceptualize and value future events, and may be related to health behaviours. Research to date has focused on addictive behaviours, used a variety of different measures of time perspective, and not explored the role of personality. This work aimed to: explore the relationships between: five previously used measures of time perspective; time perspective and the broad domains of the five-factor model of personality; and time perspective and… 

Tables from this paper

Time Perspective and Exercise, Obesity, and Smoking: Moderation of Associations by Age

Time perspective has age-specific associations with exercise and obesity, suggesting stages when time perspective may influence health behavior decision making.

Time to get healthy: Associations of time perspective with perceived health status and health behaviors

Future TP was associated with more physical exercise, whereas past-negative and present-fatalistic dimensions were associated with higher BMI, and all of the dimensions of TP were found to be associated with conceptually relevant perceptions of health status.

Time perspectives as mediators of the associations between socio-economic status and health behaviours in older Japanese adults

TPs might not contribute to the appearance of SES differences in health behaviours in older adults, and none mediated both SES and health behaviours.

Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI

Time perspective and socioeconomic status: a link to socioeconomic disparities in health?

To what extent is personality associated with time perspective

Recent research has focused on behavioral correlates of tem- poral perspective (TP), suggesting that this individual difference has an in- fluence on many health-related behaviors such as smoking and

Predicting Social Well-being Using Time Perspective in Emerging Adults

Purpose: The present study provides an insight into the issue of social well-being of emerging adults in the Indian context and introduces time perspective (TP) as an individual factor that could
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 92 REFERENCES

Who's Smoking, Drinking, and Using Drugs? Time Perspective as a Predictor of Substance Use

Two studies examined whether those identified as having a more present time perspective (PTP) are more likely to report using alcohol, drugs, and tobacco. In Study 1, across 2,627 participants from

Socioeconomic differences in attitudes and beliefs about healthy lifestyles

Investigating attitudes and beliefs that might underlie behavioural choices, including health locus of control, future salience, subjective life expectancy, and health consciousness, in a nationally representative sample found that higher SES respondents were less likely to smoke and more likely to exercise and eat fruit and vegetables daily.

A culture-based study of personal and social influences of adolescent smoking.

It is suggested that interrelationships between adolescents' smoking and its social and personal influences are similar across all countries as a part of the developmental processes of adolescence.

Personality and problem gambling: a prospective study of a birth cohort of young adults.

From the perspective of personality, problem gambling has much in common with the addictive disorders, as well as with the larger class of "externalizing" or "disinhibitory" disorders.

Future Time Perspective and Positive Health Practices in Young Adults: An Extension

A statistically significant correlation was found between scores for future time perspective and the ratings for the practice of positive health behaviors in young adults, larger than those previously found for middle and late adolescents.

Planning for the future: a life management strategy for increasing control and life satisfaction in adulthood.

Findings suggest that education, income, social support, predictability, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience were positively related to future planning, whereas Neuroticism and Agreeableness were negatively related.

Measures of impulsivity in cigarette smokers and non-smokers

Regular smokers were more impulsive than never smokers using personality and behavioral measures of impulsivity, and smokers had statistically higher impulsivity scores on most scales.

Time Preferences and Preventive Health Behavior

  • G. ChapmanE. Coups
  • Medicine
    Medical decision making : an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
  • 1999
There was a small relationship of vaccination acceptance to monetary time preferences but not to the health time-preference measures, and other variables, such as perceived effectiveness of the vaccine, were more predictive.

Future Time Perspective and Positive Health Practices in Adolescents

Samples of 84 middle and 106 late adolescents responded to the Future Time Perspective Inventory and the Personal Lifestyle Questionnaire and found some statistically significant positive but weak correlations for both samples.
...