Three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography in the evaluation of intracranial aneurysms treated with Guglielmi detachable coils.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in the follow-up of intracranial aneurysms treated with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs). From January 1998 to January 2002 27 MRA and intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (IADSA) examinations were analyzed for residual aneurysms and arterial patency following GDC placement. A total number of 33 intracranial aneurysms was analyzed, including 18 located in the posterior circulation. The MRA analysis was based on source images in combination with maximum intensity projections. The IADSA was used as the reference standard. Two aneurysms were excluded from evaluation, because of susceptibility artefacts from other aneurysms, which were clipped. Sensitivity and positive predictive values of MRA in revealing residual aneurysms were, respectively, 89% and 80%. Specificity in ruling out remnant necks and residual flow around coils was, respectively, 91% and 97%, with a negative predictive value of, respectively, 95% and 100%. Specificity and negative predictive value of MRA for arterial occlusion were, respectively, 87% and 100% for the parent arteries and, respectively, 85% and 100% for the adjacent arteries. MRA is a reliable diagnostic tool in the follow-up of GDC treatment, and it may replace IADSA in excluding residual flow around coils and aneurysmal necks and in ruling out arterial occlusion.