Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activity (readiness-potential). The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act.

@article{Libet1983TimeOC,
  title={Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activity (readiness-potential). The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act.},
  author={B. Libet and C. Gleason and E. Wright and D. Pearl},
  journal={Brain : a journal of neurology},
  year={1983},
  volume={106 (Pt 3)},
  pages={
          623-42
        }
}
The recordable cerebral activity (readiness-potential, RP) that precedes a freely voluntary, fully endogenous motor act was directly compared with the reportable time (W) for appearance of the subjective experience of 'wanting' or intending to act. The onset of cerebral activity clearly preceded by at least several hundred milliseconds the reported time of conscious intention to act. This relationship held even for those series (with 'type II' RPs) in which subjects reported that all of the 40… Expand
Readiness potentials preceding spontaneous motor acts: voluntary vs. involuntary control.
Voluntary Action, Conscious Will, and Readiness Potential
Detecting traces of consciousness in the process of intending to act
“Free will”: are we all equal? A dynamical perspective of the conscious intention to move
The timing of the conscious intention to move
Preparation and execution of voluntary action both contribute to awareness of intention
On the relation between brain potentials and the awareness of voluntary movements
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  • B. Libet
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 1965
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