Time for the Gloves to Come Off?

  title={Time for the Gloves to Come Off?},
  author={Alice Donald and Anne-Katrin Speck},
  journal={European Convention on Human Rights Law Review},
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe has limited tools to respond to rule of law backsliding by member states. Sanctions have never been used for this purpose, and the Assembly’s monitoring procedure—the most significant tool of scrutiny—presents a mixed picture. This article focuses on four states exhibiting severe rule of law backsliding: Hungary, which has evaded the procedure; Poland, which was placed under monitoring in 2020; Turkey, which in 2017 became the first state to…