Time estimation and attentional perspective

@article{Boltz1991TimeEA,
  title={Time estimation and attentional perspective},
  author={Marilyn Gail Boltz},
  journal={Perception \& Psychophysics},
  year={1991},
  volume={49},
  pages={422-433}
}
  • M. Boltz
  • Published 1 September 1991
  • Psychology
  • Perception & Psychophysics
The purpose of the present experiment was to investigate whether the filled interval effect is influenced by different attentional perspectives of the same event. Musically sophisticated listeners were asked to compare the duration of paired melodies that varied both in lower order contour changes and the relative timing of higher order phrase periodicities. Results indicated that a given pair of melodies could produce over- or underestimations, depending on which hierarchical level of… 
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  • M. Boltz
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  • 1998
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Results indicated that, relative to their standard referents, comparison melodies were judged to unfold more slowly when they displayed more changes in pitch direction, greater pitch distances, and an incompatible rhythmic accent structure.
Higher order pattern structure influences auditory representational momentum.
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In 5 pitch discrimination experiments, listeners heard tone sequences that implied either linear, periodic, or null motions in pitch space that suggested that listeners made errors consistent with extrapolation of coherent pitch patterns but not with incoherent ones.
Changes in internal tempo and effects on the learning and remembering of event durations
How changes in internal tempo may influence the learning and remembering of event durations were investigated in 4 experiments. In the first 2 experiments, stress or relaxation was induced in
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  • M. Boltz
  • Psychology
    Perception & psychophysics
  • 1995
TLDR
Findings support a theoretical framework emphasizing the effects of event structure on attending and remembering activities and suggest that time judgments not only became less accurate and more variable, but were consistently overestimated.
The remembering of auditory event durations.
  • M. Boltz
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1992
TLDR
Results showed that in contrast to irregularly timed events, those filled with regularly timed or continuous pitch information yielded high levels of accuracy that increased with greater learning experience, and durations marked by a nonarbitrary ending were more accurately remembered than those marked by an arbitrary ending.
Expectancy, Attention, and Time
TLDR
Time judgments were strongly influenced by the rate of an induction sequence with best performance occurring when the standard time interval ended as expected, given context rate.
The Role of Event Time in Attending
Two broad categories of dynamic events are introduced: motionlike events and rhythmic events. Of special interest are rhythmic events, the temporal relationships which characterize them and the way
Some structural determinants of melody recall
  • M. Boltz
  • Psychology
    Memory & cognition
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Sophisticated musicians were asked to recall, using musical notation, a set of unfamiliar folk tunes that varied in rhythmic structure and referents of tonality. The results showed that memory was
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The attention necessary to detect target digits in prose passages of equal length was varied by partially masking the passages with varying intensities of white noise, and those passages requiring more attention for analysis were judged to be of greater duration than those requiring less attention.
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