Time Perspective Therapy: A New Time-Based Metaphor Therapy for PTSD

  title={Time Perspective Therapy: A New Time-Based Metaphor Therapy for PTSD},
  author={Richard M. Sword and Rosemary K. M. Sword and Sarah R. Brunskill and Philip G. Zimbardo},
  journal={Journal of Loss and Trauma},
  pages={197 - 201}
Time perspective therapy (TPT) is a new time-based therapy that focuses on clients' perceptions of their past, present, and future. Based on Zimbardo's temporal theory and the utilization of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, the authors have developed this new narrative therapy approach for the purpose of treating clients diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder. The goal of TPT is to identify clients' six time perspective factors and then work with and balance these perspectives to… 
Time Perspective Therapy: Transforming Zimbardo’s Temporal Theory into Clinical Practice
Based on Zimbardo’s Temporal Theory, Time Perspective Therapy (TPT) was developed by Richard and Rosemary Sword as a new therapeutic clinical skill as described in The Time Cure (Zimbardo et al., The
Emotional Processes in Development and Dynamics of Individual Time Perspective
All five of Zimbardo’s dimensions of time perspective are associated with emotional experience. Well-being may be associated especially with those dimensions associated with vivid emotions, including
Time Perspectives and Proneness to PTSD Among Syrian Refugees in Greece
Abstract We tested the possible relationship between Time Perspectives (TPs) and PTSD-vulnerability among Syrian refugees in Greece. We have used the Standard Arabic version of the Zimbardo Time
The mediating role of the metacognition, time perspectives and experiential avoidance on the relationship between childhood trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms
Results of this study were consistent with the metacognitive model as well as Time Perspective Theory for PTSD and emphasizes that childhood trauma, metacognition, time perspectives and experiential Avoidance are important in explanation of PTSD symptoms.
Identity Revised: A Clinician’s Perspective on What an Identity-Based Model of Mind Looks Like
Identity has been a relatively underreferenced concept in psychiaty and clinical psychopathology. It is of particular interest that the few diagnostic categories associated with some type of identity
Aggressive? from Time to Time… Uncovering the Complex Associations between Time Perspectives and Aggression
The aim of this study was to empirically verify a series of hypotheses on the role of time perspective (TP) in predicting aggression, formulated on the basis of TP Theory and models of aggression.
Strive for balance: Deviation from a balanced time perspective mediates the relationship between lifetime trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms
Researchers have documented that exposure to traumatic events has negative effects on both physical and mental health. Much less research has examined mechanisms that may explain the link between


Reactions to diabetes and their relationship to time orientation
  • H. Livneh, E. Martz
  • Psychology, Medicine
    International journal of rehabilitation research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Rehabilitationsforschung. Revue internationale de recherches de readaptation
  • 2007
Findings indicated that reactions of anxiety, depression and anger were best predicted by negative perceptions of the past, whereas reactions of depression and Anger also were predictedBy negative views of the present, and anger was associated with a decreased future orientation.
Putting Time in Perspective: A Valid, Reliable Individual-Differences Metric
Time perspective (TP), a fundamental dimension in the construction of psychological time, emerges from cognitive processes partitioning human experience into past, present, and future temporal
Escaping Homelessness: The Influences of Self‐Efficacy and Time Perspective on Coping With Homelessness1
This study explored whether self-efficacy and time perspective of homeless adults (N = 82) living in a shelter affected their coping strategies related to obtaining housing and employment.
Time under control: time perspective and desire for control in substance use.
Who's Smoking, Drinking, and Using Drugs? Time Perspective as a Predictor of Substance Use
Two studies examined whether those identified as having a more present time perspective (PTP) are more likely to report using alcohol, drugs, and tobacco. In Study 1, across 2,627 participants from
Time Perspective, Health, and Risk Taking.