Time Binds: US Antipoverty Policies, Poverty, and the Well-Being of Single Mothers

  title={Time Binds: US Antipoverty Policies, Poverty, and the Well-Being of Single Mothers},
  author={Randy Albelda},
  journal={Feminist Economics},
  pages={189 - 214}
  • R. Albelda
  • Published 2011
  • Economics
  • Feminist Economics
Abstract Many US antipoverty programs and measures assume mothers have little, intermittent, or no employment and therefore have sufficient time to care for children, perform household tasks, and apply for and maintain eligibility for these programs. Employment-promotion policies directed toward low-income mothers since the late 1980s have successfully increased their time in the labor force. However, low wages and insufficient employer-based benefits often leave employed single mothers with… Expand
Combining Earnings with Public Supports: Cliff Effects in Massachusetts
Key U.S. antipoverty programs, enacted from the 1930s onward, were established to help low-income families meet basic housing, food, and medical-care needs. (See “Federal Assistance Programs.”)Expand
Double Trouble: US Low-Wage and Low-Income Workers, 1979–2011
There is research on low-wage earners and on low-income adults, yet little that looks specifically at workers who are both. Changes in antipoverty programs and job structure in the United StatesExpand
The Economically Responsible Single Mum who Sees to her Future: Welfare-to-work programmes and pension savings
Abstract In response to the economic vulnerability of single mothers and in keeping with a neoliberal ideology, many Western countries have encouraged increased labour-market participation, oftenExpand
Women, Work, and Family
This chapter focuses on women, work, and family, with a particular focus on differences by educational attainment. First, we review long-term trends regarding family structure, participation in theExpand
Economic hardship, family support and subjective wellbeing among vulnerable-to-poverty household heads in Selangor, Malaysia
Well being (WB) has been studied by social scientists for decades. Little attention was given to subjective approach of WB among household heads (HHHs) that are vulnerable to poverty (VTP). ThisExpand
The Gender Impact of Social Protection Policies: A Critical Review of the Evidence†
Abstract Over the course of the neoliberal era, social protection policies have been transformed dramatically; these changes have had profound gender implications. Since the early 1980s, welfareExpand
One Step Forward, One Step Back? Labor Supply Effects of Minimum Wage Increases on Single Parents with Public Child Care Support
Cliff effects, or high marginal tax rates, occur when low-income workers using anti-poverty supports experience an increase in earnings that results in a substantial decrease in those supports,Expand
The present study aims to illustrate the relationship between economic hardship and the subjective well-being (SWB) of household heads in Malaysia who are vulnerable to poverty.Economic shortcomingsExpand
Employment among unaccompanied women experiencing homelessness
ABSTRACT Women represent one of the fastest growing segments of the homeless population and employment is often central exiting homelessness. However, little research considers employment experiencesExpand
Intersectionality and emergence in time use analysis: possible pathways for gender research and work–family reconciliation policy in Italy
ABSTRACT Tracking how time is shared between work and family has the potential to unearth implicit gender biases and empowerment processes as women mobilize hidden resources and become aware of theirExpand


The Time-Poor: A New Look at Poverty.
If the minimal nonpoor level of consumption requires both money and household production, then the official poverty standards do not correctly measure household needs. Any income-support program thatExpand
Maternal employment and time with children: Dramatic change or surprising continuity?
Within marriage, fathers are spending more time with their children than in the past, perhaps increasing the total time children spend with parents even as mothers work more hours away from home. Expand
Unstable Work, Unstable Income: Implications for Family Well-Being in the Era of Time-Limited Welfare
ABSTRACT Four years into the implementation of the 1996 federal welfare reform legislation, promising to “change welfare as we know it,” a critical question remains unanswered: How are formerlyExpand
Getting Time Off: Access to Leave among Working Parents
Analysis of the 2002 National Survey of America's Families indicates that older workers and those with incomes at or above 200 percent of the federal poverty line are more likely to have paid leaveExpand
The Effects of Welfare and Tax Reform: The Material Well-Being of Single Mothers in the 1980s and 1990s
The tax and welfare programs that provide income and in-kind benefits to single mothers have changed dramatically in recent years. These changes began as far back as the mid-1980s and culminated withExpand
Pitied but Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare 1890-1935
With three-fourths of all poor families headed by women and about 54 percent of single-mother families living below the poverty line, a rethinking of the fundamental assumptions of our much-reviledExpand
Welfare Reform and Family Expenditures: How Are Single Mothers Adapting to the New Welfare and Work Regime?
This work studies the association between welfare reform, broadly defined to include an array of social policy changes affecting low‐income families in the 1990s, and expenditure patterns of poorExpand
To Work More or Not to Work More: Difficult Choices, Complex Decisions for Low-Wage Parents
Employment promotion has dominated antipoverty policies in the United States over the last several decades. Increased employment, especially in low-wage jobs, has not generated economic stability forExpand
Wage-Poor Mothers and Moral Economy
This article explores the subaltern work and family care practices of 300 low-wage women. Although US welfare reform enforced the labor market as the sole route for family support, many, oftenExpand
Welfare Reform and Lone Parents in the UK
A series of reforms to help low income families with children were introduced in the UK in 1999, including in-work tax credits and welfare-to-work programmes. Lone parents were a key target for theseExpand