Time–Energy and Time–Entropy Uncertainty Relations in Nonequilibrium Quantum Thermodynamics under Steepest-Entropy-Ascent Nonlinear Master Equations

@article{Beretta2019TimeEnergyAT,
  title={Time–Energy and Time–Entropy Uncertainty Relations in Nonequilibrium Quantum Thermodynamics under Steepest-Entropy-Ascent Nonlinear Master Equations},
  author={Gian Paolo Beretta},
  journal={Entropy},
  year={2019},
  volume={21}
}
In the domain of nondissipative unitary Hamiltonian dynamics, the well-known Mandelstam–Tamm–Messiah time–energy uncertainty relation τFΔH≥ℏ/2 provides a general lower bound to the characteristic time τF=ΔF/|d〈F〉/dt| with which the mean value of a generic quantum observable F can change with respect to the width ΔF of its uncertainty distribution (square root of F fluctuations). A useful practical consequence is that in unitary dynamics the states with longer lifetimes are those with smaller… 

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