# Time: An Emergent Property of Matter

@article{Pons2013TimeAE, title={Time: An Emergent Property of Matter}, author={Dirk J Pons and Arion Pons and Aiden J. Pons}, journal={Applied Physics research}, year={2013}, volume={5}, pages={23} }

A non-local hidden-variable (NLHV) design called the Cordus conjecture is applied to address the ontological question: What is time? A novel multi-level concept emerges for time, and the origin of the arrow is also explained. According to this theory, time at the fundamental level consists of the frequency oscillations of matter particules, and thus time is locally generated and a property of matter. At the next level up, that of the assembly of matter particles via bonds and fields, the…

## 30 Citations

Entropy at the Level of Individual Particles: Analysis of Maxwell’s Agent with a Hidden-Variable Theory

- Physics
- 2016

Problem: Maxwell’s Agent (MA) is a thought experiment about whether the second Law is violated at smaller scales. This is a complex problem because the scale dependencies are unclear for perfect gas…

Towards Unification of Fundamental Interactions Using Non-Local Hidden-Variable Theory

- Physics
- 2020

Problem: The mechanisms whereby force operates are poorly understood at the fundamental level. This is reflected in the difficulty of finding a single coherent theory for explaining all the…

It Is Not What It Looks Like—A Response to D. J. Pons, A. D. Pons, and A. J. Pons Theory of Time

- Philosophy
- 2014

Although in the end the theory appears not to hold, it nevertheless offers an important new direction in the analysis of time, one that seems worth pursuing further.

A Physical Basis for Entanglement in a Non-Local Hidden Variable Theory

- Philosophy
- 2015

Problem: Superposition and entanglement are coherent effects, which can be quantified by quantum mechanics (QM), but lack descriptive explanations. They are typically analysed with inequality…

Speed of Light as an Emergent Property of the Fabric

- Physics
- 2013

Problem - The theory of Relativity is premised on the constancy of the speed of light (c) in-vacuo. While no empirical evidence convincingly shows the speed to be variable, nonetheless from a…

Deeper mechanisms for force and the fundamental interactions from a NLHV perspective

- Physics
- 2020

Problem: The mechanisms whereby force operates are poorly understood at the fundamental level. This is reflected in the difficulty of finding a single coherent theory for explaining all the…

Motion of Particles at the Fundamental Level: NLHV Theory Predictions for a Spiral Gait Locus

- PhysicsJournal of Modern Physics
- 2021

Context The existing literature on particle motion at the fundamental level is sparse. Particles, whether classical or quantum, are assumed to move with a continuous (even if uncertain) velocity.…

A Physical Explanation for Particle Spin

- PhysicsJournal of Modern Physics
- 2019

CONTEXT The spin of a particle is physically manifest in multiple phenomena. For quantum mechanics (QM), spin is an intrinsic property of a point particle, but an ontological explanation is lacking.…

Energy Conversion Mechanics for Photon Emission per Non-Local Hidden-Variable Theory

- Physics
- 2016

Problem-Energy conversion processes in optical phenomena are incompletely explained by wave theory or quantum mechanics. There is a need for ontologically rich explanations at the level of individual…

Restoring physical realism

- Philosophy
- 2015

Problem - Many attempts have been made, starting from Quantum mechanics (QM), to prove the non-viability of hidden-variable (HV) solutions, and to justify the unnaturalness of QM explanations over…

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