Tightness–looseness across the 50 united states

@article{Harrington2014TightnessloosenessAT,
  title={Tightness–looseness across the 50 united states},
  author={Jesse Ryan Harrington and Michele J. Gelfand},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year={2014},
  volume={111},
  pages={7990 - 7995}
}
Significance The 50 states of the United States of America show great diversity in ecological and historical conditions, personality characteristics, and outcomes. Still, little insight exists that explains this variation. We argue that there is a common principle by which we can understand these differences: namely, that the states differ in tightness (many strongly enforced rules and little tolerance for deviance) versus looseness (few strongly enforced rules and greater tolerance for… 

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