Tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) penaeidin possesses cytokine features to promote integrin-mediated granulocyte and semi-granulocyte adhesion.

Abstract

Recent studies indicated that antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) play multiple roles in both innate and adaptive immune functions. The penaeidin of tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon shows an antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria and filamentous fungi. To study immunomodulation functions of the penaeidin, we transfected shrimp hemocytes in primary culture with penaeidin-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA-3) and observed a concomitant 20% reduction in adhesive hemocytes compared with mock-transfected cells. The addition of biosynthesized or chemically synthesized penaeidin or penaeidin proline-rich domain (PRD) to the culture medium of penaeidin knock-down hemocytes led to a full recovery in the number of adhesive hemocytes. The effect of penaeidin knock-down on the expression of tiger shrimp cell adhesion-associated molecules was examined using real-time Q-PCR. Results demonstrated 91% and 64% decreases in the expression of integrin-beta and collagen, respectively, and a 396% increase in the expression of collagenase. The addition of chemically synthesized penaeidin after penaeidin knock-down hemocytes normalized the expression of these genes. The addition of the integrin-beta ligand competitor RGDS to mock-transfected hemocytes decreased the number of adhesive hemocytes similar to penaeidin knock-down. In conclusion, penaeidin possesses an integrin-beta-mediated cytokine feature that promotes shrimp granulocyte and semi-granulocyte adhesion. This is the first report about functional shrimp cytokine.

DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2009.09.003

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@article{Li2010TigerS, title={Tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) penaeidin possesses cytokine features to promote integrin-mediated granulocyte and semi-granulocyte adhesion.}, author={Ching-Yu Li and Hong-Young Yan and Yen-Ling Song}, journal={Fish & shellfish immunology}, year={2010}, volume={28 1}, pages={1-9} }