Tics and Tourette syndrome

@article{Dale2021TicsAT,
  title={Tics and Tourette syndrome},
  author={Russell C. Dale},
  journal={Journal of the Neurological Sciences},
  year={2021},
  volume={429}
}
  • R. Dale
  • Published 1 October 2018
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Tourette syndrome is a heterogeneous disorder. The genetic basis is complex, and both in utero and ex utero environmental factors may modify the phenotypic expression of the disorder. Inflammation related to aberrations in immune activation appears to play a pathogenic role in some cases. Multiple neurochemical pathways are involved. Rather than being a pure movement problem, tics are now understood to also have a sensory component. This has resulted in new psychological therapeutic strategies… 
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