Tick-borne encephalitis in Sweden and climate change

@article{Lindgren2001TickborneEI,
  title={Tick-borne encephalitis in Sweden and climate change},
  author={Elisabet Lindgren and Rolf Gustafson},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2001},
  volume={358},
  pages={16-18}
}

Tick-borne encephalitis transmission risk: its dependence on host population dynamics and climate effects.

  • R. Palo
  • Environmental Science
    Vector borne and zoonotic diseases
  • 2014
TLDR
Analysis of time series of TBE for 1976-2011 in relation to the North Atlantic Oscillation, mean summer temperatures, and yearly number of harvested European hare, roe deer, and red fox in the County of Stockholm shows that TBE cases seem to be more dependent on host population dynamics than on climate factors.

Climate Change Cannot Explain the Upsurge of Tick-Borne Encephalitis in the Baltics

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It is proposed that climate is just one of many different types of factors that have acted synergistically to increase both the abundance of infected ticks and the exposure of humans to these ticks.

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TLDR
This study confirms the existence of TBEV endemic foci in Norway and indicates that the location with highest point prevalence had the highest relative mean humidity and lowest mean saturation deficit and vice versa for the lowest EPP.

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) trends in epidemiology and current and future management.

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TLDR
This study recommends further spatial analysis and modelling of the spread of TBE in relation to climate factors to allow policy makers within the public health sector to make informed decisions regarding preventative schemes and rehabilitation programmes.

Effects of Climate Change on Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Europe

TLDR
Data on the vector tick Ixodes ricinus suggest that an extension of its northern and altitude range has been accompanied by an increased prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis, and climate change may also be partly responsible for the change in distribution of Dermacentor reticulatus.

Why is tick-borne encephalitis increasing? A review of the key factors causing the increasing incidence of human TBE in Swedena

TLDR
This review of the ecology and epidemiology of TBE in Sweden finds that the unusually warm, humid weather and the prolonged vegetation period in 2011 permitted nymphs and adult ticks to quest for hosts nearly all days of that year and is likely to result in a TBE incidence of 2012 similar to or higher than that of 2011.

The impact of climate change on the expansion of Ixodes persulcatus habitat and the incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in the north of European Russia

TLDR
Climate change contributed much to the TBE incidence increase in AO and the increase both in mean annual air temperatures and temperatures during tick active season resulted in the northward expansion of Ixodid ticks, main TBE virus vector.
...

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