Tibet as a Stateless Society and Some Islamic Parallels

  title={Tibet as a Stateless Society and Some Islamic Parallels},
  author={Geoffrey Samuel},
  journal={The Journal of Asian Studies},
  pages={215 - 229}
  • Geoffrey Samuel
  • Published 1 February 1982
  • Sociology
  • The Journal of Asian Studies
Tibet is the most numerically significant society practicing Vajrayana (Tantric) Buddhism. The unusual features of religion in Tibetan society are often understood in terms of differences between Vajrayana and other forms of Buddhism. The author suggests here that Tibet is not a “typical” Vajrayana society compared to the Newars or the Balinese, and that what is special about religion in Tibet is related to structural differences between Tibetan society and Buddhist states elsewhere in Asia… 

The transformations of Tibetan medicine.

  • C. Janes
  • Medicine
    Medical anthropology quarterly
  • 1995
With the collapsing of the traditionally pluralistic Tibetan health system into the professional sector of Tibetan medicine, contemporary Tibetan medicine has become to the laity a font of ethnic revitalization and resistance to the modernization policies of the Chinese state.

The Historical Roots of Tibetan Scholasticism

This paper examines the social milieu within which a form of Buddhism based on logic , commentary, and debate arose in Tibet during the period of the ‘Tibetan renaissance.’ Taking as exemplary

Democracy and Democratization among Tibetans in Exile

This paper analyzes how democracy is conceptualized and operationalized among Tibetan exiles based on fieldwork conducted among Tibetans in Dharamsala during 1994 and in two settlements in Nepal

Schooling and politics: textbooks and national identity in the Tibetan schools in India

This article presents a study of the textbooks composed and released by the Tibetan Government-in-Exile for the Central School for Tibetans in India. By examining the textbooks on Social Studies and

Between Patron and Priest: Amdo Tibet Under Qing Rule, 1792-1911

In the late eighteenth century, a Qing-centered, pluralistic legal order emerged in the Tibetan regions of the Qing empire. In the Gansu borderlands known to Tibetans as “Amdo,” the Qing state

Local politics in the Suru valley of Northern India

This thesis addresses the politics of the yokma-pa, a Shi'ite faction in the Suru valley in the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir state, in Northern India. I use the term factions as this is one

Interpreting the Tibetan Diaspora: Cultural Preservation and the Pragmatics of Identity

Nearly all accounts of Tibetans in exile acknowledge the remarkable extent to which they have been able to maintain their culture against all odds. They were premised on the idea that exile and

Frontier Tibet

Frontier Tibet: Patterns of Change in the Sino-Tibetan Borderlands addresses a historical sequence that sealed the future of the Sino-Tibetan borderlands. It considers how starting in the late

Cultural Genocide in International Context

As human rights concerns have become central to discourses of indigeneity and ethnicity in Asian states, indigenous and minority activists have borrowed from international law the concept of cultural

How Buddhist Renunciation Produces Difference

The last time I saw Yeshe, the oldest member of Karsha’s Tibetan Buddhist nunnery, she cried as I left. It was not my departure she was bemoaning, but the long Himalayan winter ahead. She had



The Circulation of Estates in Tibet: Reincarnation, Land and Politics

One of the most salient features of traditional political life in Tibet was the intense and pervasive competition for power and prestige that took place within the ranks of the politically relevant,

A Short History Of Tibet

rich materials used by the author but on Chinese and Korean sources as well as Western archives. Korean scholars could make an invaluable contribution to this, not by repeating the indictment of

the Sherpa temple as a model of the psyche1

This essay is an interpretation of the structure and symbolism of a Sherpa Buddhist temple in northeastern Nepal. The temple represents an objectification of a model of the mind which underlies

Sherpas Through Their Rituals

Preface 1. Introduction: some notes on ritual 2. The surface contours of the Sherpa world 3. Nyungne: problems of marriage, family and asceticism 4. Hospitality: problems of exchange, status and

Serfdom and Mobility: An Examination of the Institution of “Human Lease” in Traditional Tibetan Society

Serfdom was pervasive in Tibet and all laymen with the exception of a few hundred aristocratic families were hereditary serfs, tied to a lord through an estate. Nonetheless, the Tibetan social system

Kingship and Caste

One of the major areas of dispute among social scientists working with South Asian material has been over what criteria enable one to isolate and define those characteristics attaching to the

Economic Anthropology or Political Economy? (II): Approaches to the Analysis of Pre-Capitalist Formation in the Maghreb

In this essay I shall consider a number of approaches to the analysis of pre-capitalist social formations in the Maghreb, with the objective of preparing the ground for a later more comprehensive

Himalayan traders: Life in highland Nepal

As known, to finish this book, you may not need to get it at once in a day. Doing the activities along the day may make you feel so bored. If you try to force reading, you may prefer to do other

On Two Views of the Swat Pushtun [and Comments]

languages. The most unexpected finding will be that the language of food offerings uses contrasting combinations with a meaning of totality comparable to antithetical idiomatic expressions, a

Political Leadership Among Swat Pathans

A classic and highly influential ethnography, which explores political leadership among Swat Pathans - and which emphasizes the importance of individual decision-making for wider social processes.