Thugocracy: bandit regimes and state capture

  title={Thugocracy: bandit regimes and state capture},
  author={Nancy Ries},
  pages={473 - 485}
  • Nancy Ries
  • Published 1 October 2020
  • Sociology
  • Safundi
ABSTRACT In this paper I analyze the Trump, Putin, and Zuma regimes as “thugocracies”: projects of sophisticated state capture, through organized crime networks at every level of scale, and utilizing complex arrays of mafia tactics, personnel, and practices. With a basis in first-hand ethnography on the modalities of the mafia in Russia in the 1990s, I delineate critical interconnections between thugocrats operating in South Africa, the Russian Federation, and the United States, arguing that… 
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