Thrombospondin-1-induced smooth muscle cell chemotaxis and proliferation are dependent on transforming growth factor-β2 and hyaluronic acid synthase

Angioplasty causes local vascular injury, leading to the release of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), which stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and proliferation, important steps in the development of intimal hyperplasia. Transforming growth factor beta 2 (TGF-β2) and hyaluronic acid synthase (HAS) are two pro-stenotic genes upregulated in VSMCs… CONTINUE READING