Thrombin-stimulated growth factor and cytokine expression in osteoblasts is mediated by protease-activated receptor-1 and prostanoids.

Thrombin exerts multiple effects upon osteoblasts including stimulating proliferation, and inhibiting osteoblast differentiation and apoptosis. Some of these effects are believed to be mediated by the synthesis and secretion of autocrine factors such as growth factors and cytokines. Many but not all cellular responses to thrombin are mediated by members of… CONTINUE READING