Thrice Out of Africa: Ancient and Recent Expansions of the Honey Bee, Apis mellifera

  title={Thrice Out of Africa: Ancient and Recent Expansions of the Honey Bee, Apis mellifera},
  author={C. W. Whitfield and S. Behura and S. Berlocher and A. Clark and J. S. Johnston and W. S. Sheppard and D. R. Smith and A. Suarez and Daniel Weaver and N. Tsutsui},
  pages={642 - 645}
  • C. W. Whitfield, S. Behura, +7 authors N. Tsutsui
  • Published 2006
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
  • We characterized Apis mellifera in both native and introduced ranges using 1136 single-nucleotide polymorphisms genotyped in 341 individuals. Our results indicate that A. mellifera originated in Africa and expanded into Eurasia at least twice, resulting in populations in eastern and western Europe that are geographically close but genetically distant. A third expansion in the New World has involved the near-replacement of previously introduced “European” honey bees by descendants of more… CONTINUE READING
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