Thresholds and breakpoints in ecosystems with a multiplicity of stable states

  title={Thresholds and breakpoints in ecosystems with a multiplicity of stable states},
  author={R. May},
  • R. May
  • Published 1977
  • Biology
  • Nature
Theory and observation indicate that natural multi-species assemblies of plants and animals are likely to possess several different equilibrium points. This review discusses how alternate stable states can arise in simple 1- and 2-species systems, and applies these ideas to grazing systems, to insect pests, and to some human host–parasite systems. 
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  • R. May, N. MacDonald
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics
  • 1978
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