Threshold of the volcanic forcing that leads the El Niño-like warming in the last millennium: results from the ERIK simulation

@article{Lim2015ThresholdOT,
  title={Threshold of the volcanic forcing that leads the El Ni{\~n}o-like warming in the last millennium: results from the ERIK simulation},
  author={Hyung‐Gyu Lim and Sang‐Wook Yeh and Jong‐Seong Kug and Young‐Gyu Park and Jaehun Park and Rokjin J. Park and Chang-Keun Song},
  journal={Climate Dynamics},
  year={2015},
  volume={46},
  pages={3725-3736}
}
Abstract In order to examine the threshold of the volcanic forcing that leads to the El Niño-like warming, we analyze a millennium ERIK simulation (AD 1000–1850) forced by three external forcings including greenhouse gases, solar forcing and volcanic eruptions using the ECHO-G coupled climate model. It is found that there exists a threshold of the volcanic forcing above 15 W/m2 to lead the El Niño-like warming in the climate model. When the volcanic forcing is above this threshold forcing, then… 

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