Three species and two new subspecies of Actinote Hübner (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae, Acraeini)

  title={Three species and two new subspecies of Actinote H{\"u}bner (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae, Acraeini)},
  author={M{\'a}rlon Paluch and Mirna Martins Casagrande and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke},
  journal={Revista Brasileira De Zoologia},

Morfologia externa do adulto de Actinote melanisans (Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Acraeini)

The external morphology of adult A. melanisans Oberthur, 1917 is described and illustrated, the first detailed study of the morphology of a species of Acraeini, therefore contributing with information on characters useful for the phylogenetic analysis of the Neotropical species.

Subspecies limits and hidden Wolbachia diversity in Actinote pellenea butterflies

It is shown for the first time that these butterflies have an intermediate prevalence of Wolbachia infection, and it is proposed that the presence of these endosymbionts may explain why the mitochondrial gene COI failed to delimit the subspecies of A. pellenea as monophyletic groups.

A New Species Of Actinote Hübner from the Eastern Andes of Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae)

It is argued for the treatment of the new Ecuadorian Actinote taxon as a distinct species based on the substantial geographic isolation of these taxa, observed morphological differences and mtDNA sequence divergence.

A New and Rare Actinote Hübner (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Acraeini) from Southeastern Brazil

A new species of Actinote (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae, Acraeini), Actinotes keithbrowni Freitas, Francini & Mielke sp.

A review of the occurrence and diversity of the sphragis in butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea)

The sphragis potentially represents one of the clearest examples of mate conflict known and should be investigated to further the understanding of the selective processes at play in an ‘arms race’ between the sexes.



Phylogenetic relationships among Heliconiinae genera based on morphology (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae)

Parsimony analyses of forty-nine species in twenty-nine genera indicate that Heliconiinae can be divided into four main groups: (1) Pardopsis, Acraea and Actinote; (2) Cethosia plus Neotropical genera; (3) Oriental genera and (4) fritillaries.

Estágios imaturos de Actinote surima (Schaus) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Acraeinae)

Data on the life cycle and morphology of immature stages of Actinote surima (Schaus, 1902) are presented. The larva feed on leaves of Eupatorium intermedium DC and Eupatorium casarettoi (Rob.)

Higher level phylogeny for the passion‐vine butterflies (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae) based on early stage and adult morphology

A higher level phylogeny for the passion-vine butterflies (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae) was generated by cladistic analysis of 146 morphological characters from all life stages, and supported the monophyly of all currently recognized genera.

Male sleeping aggregation behavior of Actinote surima surima (Schaus) (Lepidoptera, Heliconiinae, Acraeini)

Nocturnal aggregation behaviour of the males of Actinote surima surima (Schaus, 1902) studied at the city of Curitiba, Parana, Brazil is registered.

Estágios imaturos de Actinote carycina Jordan (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, acraeinae)

Data on the life cycle and morphology of immature stages of Actinote carycina Jordan, 1913 are presented. The larvae feed on leaves of Eupatorium inulaefolium H.B.K. (Asteraceae).

Tampo genital de Actinote Hbner, como carter taxonmico (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Acraeinae)

The sphragis morphology of seven species of Actinote Hubner, [1819] from south Brazil are presented and discussed comparatively. Their significant differences and scales were revealed with SEM

Evolutionary strategies of chemical defense in aposematic butterflies: Cyanogenesis in Asteraceae-feeding American Acraeinae

This defence syndrome (rejection of plant toxins andde novo synthesis of protective chemicals) is considered to be the most evolved among aposematic (unpalatable mimicry-model) butterflies, as are the Acraeinae and Heliconiini which also synthesize cyanogens.

Two new species of Actinote (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) from Southeastern Brazil

Two new species of Actinote (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae, Acraeini) are described from southeastern Brazil, both of which belong to the orange-yellow mimicry group.