Three distinct types of Ca(2+) waves in Langendorff-perfused rat heart revealed by real-time confocal microscopy.


Although Ca(2+) waves in cardiac myocytes are regarded as arrhythmogenic substrates, their properties in the heart in situ are poorly understood. On the hypothesis that Ca(2+) waves in the heart behave diversely and some of them influence the cardiac function, we analyzed their incidence, propagation velocity, and intercellular propagation at the… (More)

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