Three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography: applications in the abdomen and thorax.

@article{Lewin1991ThreedimensionalTM,
  title={Three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography: applications in the abdomen and thorax.},
  author={J S Lewin and Gerhard Laub and Ricardo Hausmann},
  journal={Radiology},
  year={1991},
  volume={179 1},
  pages={261-4}
}
The application of three-dimensional (3D) time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance (MR) angiographic techniques to the vasculature of the abdomen and thorax has not, to the authors' knowledge, been previously reported; this is possibly due to the large amount of physiologic motion in these regions along with the anticipated sensitivity of the 3D acquisition scheme to image degradation caused by motion artifact. The authors describe an asymmetric short-echo velocity-compensated 3D TOF technique… CONTINUE READING